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Development of biotechnological methods for micropropagation, regeneration and genetic transformation of teak (Tectona grandis L. f) to resistance for Hyblaea puera

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Evandro Vagner Tambarussi
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Piracicaba.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALA/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Helaine Carrer; Celso Luis Marino; Marcelo Rogalski
Advisor: Helaine Carrer

Genetic transformation allows the introduction of genes in host genomes and can therefore be used to improve forestry and agronomic traits like insect resistence. However, efficient plant regeneration protocols are necessary to obtain transgenic plants. Thus far, information about in vitro teak (Tectona grandis L. f) organogenesis is scarce. Therefore, the aims of this study were: develop an efficient protocol for in vitro organogenesis of teak, assess conditions for its genetic transformation and test the susceptibility of the caterpillar Hyblaea puera to toxins produced by Bacillus thuringiensis. We evaluated the influence of TDZ and BAP on the induction of organogenic competence in hypocotyl, cotyledonary nodes and cotyledons. Growth regulators IBA, BAP, NAA and GA3 were used in the regeneration of the hypocotyl, cotyledonary node, root, epicotyl and cotyledon. Antibiotics for suppression of Agrobacterium tumefacien (timentin, cefotaxime and carbenicillin) and for selection of transgenic cells (hygromycin) were also evaluated. Finally, tests with the biological insecticide DipelTM and spores of B. thuringiensis grown in laboratory were performed with the caterpillar of Hyblaea puera. TDZ increases 46% the regeneration frequency and BAP 26% when compared to controls. Cotyledonary nodes showed the best regeneration frequency (70%) growing on MS medium added of 1 mg.L-1 BAP + 0.5 mg.L-1 GA3. Hypocotyls, roots, cotyledons and epicotyls presented variable frequency of regeneration (60%, 60%, 30%, and 10% respectively) growing on distinct concentrations of grown regulators. We tested three antibiotics (timentin, cefotaxime, and carbenicillin) to suppress A. tumefaciens in vitro growth and they presented different effects on the organogenesis of each explants used in this study. Timentin and cefotaxime at concentration of 300 mg.L-1 increased the number of buds on hypocotyls and cotyledonary nodes. Conversely, these antibiotics had negative effects on the number of shoots of cotyledonary explants. Carbenicillin at all doses presented a negative influence on regeneration of all explants. Hygromycin at concentration of 2.5 mg.L-1 inhibits 100% of regeneration of cotyledons, cotyledonary nodes, and hypocotyls. The young instars of H. puera are susceptible to likely both commercial product DipelTM and spores grown in the laboratory, presented 100% mortality at concentrations of 2x105 CFU after 24 hours of ingestion. These findings suggest its potential to be used in teak transgenic approaches for insect resistance. Our results contribute to information about factors that influence the organogenesis of this specie, as well as define parameters that can be used in future experiments aimed at the genetic transformation of the specie. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 07/05795-0 - Development of biotechnological methods for micropropagation, regeneration and genetic transformation of teak (Tectona grandis L. f.) to resistance for Hyblaea puera
Grantee:Evandro Vagner Tambarussi
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master