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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Polybrominated Diphenyl Ether Congener (BDE-100) Induces Mitochondrial Impairment

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Author(s):
Pereira, Lilian Cristina [1] ; de Souza, Alecsandra Oliveira [2] ; Dorta, Daniel Junqueira [2]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, Dept Anal Clin Toxicol & Bromatol, BR-14040901 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Quim, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, BR-14040901 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: BASIC & CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY & TOXICOLOGY; v. 112, n. 6, p. 418-424, JUN 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 16
Abstract

Brominated flame retardants are used in various consumer products to increase their resistance to fire and/or high temperatures. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are representatives of this class and among the most widely used congeners, and BDE-100 is produced on a large scale. There is a lack of toxicological data about these compounds, which has recently become a matter of concern to the scientific community. The mitochondria are recognized as the main energy-producing organelles, as well as playing a vital role in the maintenance of many cell functions. Therefore, mitochondria were used in the present work as an experimental model to evaluate the effects of the BDE-100 congeners at concentrations ranging from 0.1M to 50M. The results showed that high concentrations of BDE-100 were able to induce mitochondrial alterations. It was observed that the substance had an affinity for the hydrophilic portion of the mitochondrial membrane, as monitored by ANS, inhibiting the glutamate+malate-stimulated mitochondrial respiration and also inducing dissipation of the mitochondrial membrane potential, deregulation of calcium homoeostasis and mitochondrial swelling, the latter being insensitive to cyclosporin A (CsA) but partially inhibited by Ruthenium Red and N-ethyl maleimide. In addition, a significant reduction in mitochondrial ATP content was found, but on the other hand, no oxidative stress was observed after exposure of the mitochondria to BDE-100. These results show the key role of mitochondria in the cytotoxicity induced by BDE-100. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/06912-6 - Assessment of mitochondrial and cellular changes induced by representatives of major classes of poly-brominated biphenyls (PBDEs)
Grantee:Daniel Junqueira Dorta
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/02661-6 - Assessment of mitochondrial alterations induced by representatives of major classes of poly-brominated biphenyls (PBDEs)
Grantee:Lilian Cristina Pereira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master