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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

GH-Releasing Hormone Receptor Gene: A Novel Splice-Disrupting Mutation and Study of Founder Effects

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Marui, Suemi [1] ; Trarbach, Ericka B. [1] ; Boguszewski, Margaret C. S. [2] ; Franca, Marcela M. ; Jorge, Alexander A. L. ; Inoue, Hiroshi [3] ; Nishi, Mirian Y. ; de Lacerda Filho, Luiz [2] ; Aguiar-Oliveira, Manuel H. [4] ; Mendonca, Berenice B. ; Arnhold, Ivo J. P.
Total Authors: 11
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Hosp Clin, Lab Endocrinol & Celular Mol LIM 25, Unidade Tireoide, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Parana, Dept Pediat, BR-80060000 Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[3] Univ Tokushima, Tokushima 770 - Japan
[4] Univ Fed Sergipe, Dept Med, Aracaju - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Hormone Research in Paediatrics; v. 78, n. 3, p. 165-172, 2012.
Web of Science Citations: 12

Background: Mutations in GH-releasing hormone receptor gene (GHRHR) are emerging as the most common cause of autosomal recessive isolated GH deficiency (IGHD). Objective: To search for GHRHR mutations in patients with familial or sporadic IGHD and to investigate founder effects in recurring mutations. Methods: The coding region of GHRHR was entirely amplified and sequenced from DNA of 18 patients with IGHD (16 unrelated) with topic posterior pituitary lobe on MRI. Haplotypes containing promoter SNPs and microsatellites flanking GHRHR were analyzed in patients with c.57+1G>A (IVS1+1G>A) mutation of our previously published kindred and also a Brazilian patient and 2 previously reported Japanese sisters with c. 1146G>A (p.E382E) mutation. Results: A novel homozygous intronic GHRHR c.752-1G>A (IVS7-1G>A) mutation, predicting loss of the constitutive splice acceptor site, was identified in two siblings with IGHD. A compound heterozygous c.{[}57+1G>A];{[}1146G>A] and a heterozygous c.527C>T (p.A176V) were found in two sporadic cases. Haplotype analysis provided evidence for a founder effect for the c.57+1G>A mutation and independent recurrence for the c.1146G>A mutation. Conclusion: We report a novel splice-disrupting mutation in GHRHR in 2 siblings and provide evidence that all c.57+1G>A (IVS1+1G>A) mutant chromosomes have the same haplotype ancestor, indicating the occurrence of a founder effect in Brazilian patients with IGHD. Copyright (C) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel (AU)

FAPESP's process: 00/14092-4 - Molecular diagnosis of the alterations in the GHRH-GH-IGF-1 axis in patients with short stature
Grantee:Ivo Jorge Prado Arnhold
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants