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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

In Vivo Protective Activity of Styrax camporum Hydroalcoholic Extract against Genotoxicity Induced by Doxorubicin and Methyl Methanesulfonate in the Micronucleus and Comet Assays

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de Oliveira, Pollyanna Francielli [1] ; Furtado, Ricardo Andrade [1] ; Acesio, Nathalia Oliveira [1] ; Leandro, Luis Fernando [1] ; Montanheiro, Giovanna [1] ; de Padua, Francisnela Correa [1] ; Correa, Mariana Beltrame [1] ; Braguini, Caio Guedes [1] ; Pauletti, Patricia Mendonca [1] ; Tavares, Denise Crispim [1]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Univ Franca, BR-14404600 Franca, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Planta Medica; v. 78, n. 18, p. 1899-1905, DEC 2012.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Styrax camporum Pohl is a tall shrub or a tree with small white flowers, which grows in the states of Sao Paulo and Minas Gerais and is popularly used for the treatment of gastroduodenal diseases. Considering this last fact, the aim of this study was to evaluate the genotoxic potential of S. camporum hydroalcoholic extract and its influence on genotoxicity induced by doxorubicin and methyl methanesulfonate in Swiss mice using the micronucleus and comet assays, respectively. The animals were treated by gavage with different doses of the extract (250, 500, and 1000 mg/kg body weight). For antigenotoxicity assessment, different doses of the S. camporum extract were administered simultaneously with doxorubicin (micronucleus test; 15 mg/kg) and methanesulfonate (comet assay; 40 mg/kg). The results showed that the S. camporum extract itself was not genotoxic in the mouse micronucleus or comet assay. The number of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes was significantly lower in animals treated with the S. camporum extract and doxorubicin when compared to animals treated only with doxorubicin. In the comet assay, the S. camporum extract, at the doses tested, significantly reduced the extent of DNA damage in liver cells induced by methanesulfonate. The putative activity of the active compounds of S. camporum extract may explain the effect of this plant on genotoxicity induced by doxorubicin and methanesulfonate. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/21310-2 - Study of cytotoxic, genotoxic and antioxidant activities of Styrax camporum hydroalcoholic extract and chemical markers, egonol and homoegonol, and their influence on genetic material damage and pre-neoplastic lesions.
Grantee:Pollyanna Francielli de Oliveira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 08/10283-1 - Phytochemistry study and evaluation of mutagenicity, antimutagenicity and cyclooxygenase inhibitory activity from Styrax (Styracaceae)
Grantee:Patricia Mendonça Pauletti
Support type: Regular Research Grants