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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

High Rates of Detection of Respiratory Viruses in Tonsillar Tissues from Children with Chronic Adenotonsillar Disease

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Proenca-Modena, Jose Luiz [1, 2] ; Pereira Valera, Fabiana Cardoso [3] ; Jacob, Marcos Gerhardinger [1] ; Buzatto, Guilherme Pietrucci [3] ; Saturno, Tamara Honorato [1] ; Lopes, Lucia [1] ; Souza, Jamila Mendonca [1] ; Paula, Flavia Escremim [1, 2] ; Silva, Maria Lucia [1, 2] ; Carenzi, Lucas Rodrigues [3] ; Tamashiro, Edwin [3] ; Arruda, Eurico [1, 2] ; Anselmo-Lima, Wilma Terezinha [3]
Total Authors: 13
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Virol Res Ctr, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, BR-14049 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Cell Biol, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, BR-14049 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Ophthalmol Otorhinolaryngol & Head & Neck Su, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, BR-14049 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 7, n. 8 AUG 3 2012.
Web of Science Citations: 41

Chronic tonsillar diseases are an important health problem, leading to large numbers of surgical procedures worldwide. Little is known about pathogenesis of these diseases. In order to investigate the role of respiratory viruses in chronic adenotonsillar diseases, we developed a cross-sectional study to determine the rates of viral detections of common respiratory viruses detected by TaqMan real time PCR (qPCR) in nasopharyngeal secretions, tonsillar tissues and peripheral blood from 121 children with chronic tonsillar diseases, without symptoms of acute respiratory infections. At least one respiratory virus was detected in 97.5% of patients. The viral co-infection rate was 69.5%. The most frequently detected viruses were human adenovirus in 47.1%, human enterovirus in 40.5%, human rhinovirus in 38%, human bocavirus in 29.8%, human metapneumovirus in 17.4% and human respiratory syncytial virus in 15.7%. Results of qPCR varied widely between sample sites: human adenovirus, human bocavirus and human enterovirus were predominantly detected in tissues, while human rhinovirus was more frequently detected in secretions. Rates of virus detection were remarkably high in tonsil tissues: over 85% in adenoids and close to 70% in palatine tonsils. In addition, overall virus detection rates were higher in more hypertrophic than in smaller adenoids (p = 0.05), and in the particular case of human enteroviruses, they were detected more frequently (p = 0.05) in larger palatine tonsils than in smaller ones. While persistence/latency of DNA viruses in tonsillar tissues has been documented, such is not the case of RNA viruses. Respiratory viruses are highly prevalent in adenoids and palatine tonsils of patients with chronic tonsillar diseases, and persistence of these viruses in tonsils may stimulate chronic inflammation and play a role in the pathogenesis of these diseases. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/51818-8 - The profile of viral infections in chronic diseases of the upper respiratory tract: adenoamigdaliana hypertrophy and secretory otitis media, rhinosinusitis
Grantee:Wilma Terezinha Anselmo Lima
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants