Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Google Scholar through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The Crystal Structure of Necrosis- and Ethylene-Inducing Protein 2 from the Causal Agent of Cacao's Witches' Broom Disease Reveals Key Elements for Its Activity

Full text
Show less -
Zaparoli, Gustavo [1, 2] ; de Oliveira Barsottini, Mario Ramos [1, 2] ; de Oliveira, Juliana Ferreira [1] ; Dyszy, Fabio [3] ; Pereira Lima Teixeira, Paulo Jose [2] ; Barau, Joan Grande [2] ; Garcia, Odalys [2] ; Costa-Filho, Antonio Jose [3] ; Berteli Ambrosio, Andre Luis [1] ; Guimaraes Pereira, Goncalo Amarante [1, 2] ; Gomes Dias, Sandra Martha [1]
Total Authors: 11
[1] Assoc Brasileira Tecnol Luz Sincrotron, Lab Nacl Biociencias LNBio, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] IB UNICAMP, Dept Genet & Evolucao, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Grp Biofis Mol Sergio Mascarenhas, Inst Fis Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: BIOCHEMISTRY; v. 50, n. 45, p. 9901-9910, 2011.
Web of Science Citations: 17

The necrosis- and ethylene-inducing peptide 1 (NEP1)-like proteins (NLPs) are proteins secreted from bacteria, fungi and oomycetes, triggering immune responses and cell death in dicotyledonous plants. Genomic-scale studies of Moniliophthora perniciosa, the fungus that causes the Witches' Broom disease in cacao, which is a serious economic concern for South and Central American crops, have identified five members of this family (termed MpNEP1-5). Here, we show by RNA-seq that MpNEP2 is virtually the only NLP expressed during the fungus infection. The quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction results revealed that MpNEP2 has an expression pattern that positively correlates with the necrotic symptoms, with MpNEP2 reaching its highest level of expression at the advanced necrotic stage. To improve our understanding of MpNEP2's molecular mechanism of action, we determined the crystallographic structure of MpNEP2 at 1.8 angstrom resolution, unveiling some key structural features. The implications of a cation coordination found in the crystal structure were explored, and we show that MpNEP2, in contrast to another previously described member of the NLP family, NLPpya from Pythium aphanidermatum, does not depend on an ion to accomplish its necrosis- and electrolyte leakage-promoting activities. Results of site-directed mutagenesis experiments confirmed the importance of a negatively charged cavity and an unforeseen hydrophobic beta-hairpin loop for MpNEP2 activity, thus offering a platform for compound design with implications for disease control. Electron paramagnetic resonance and fluorescence assays with MpNEP2 performed in the presence of lipid vesicles of different compositions showed no sign of interaction between the protein and the lipids, implying that MpNEP2 likely requires other anchoring elements from the membrane to promote cytolysis or send death signals. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/51884-8 - SMOLBnet 2.0: structural studies of key proteins for fungal diseases in cocoa: witch’s broom and moniliasis: developing strategies to control and understand the pathogenicity
Grantee:Andre Luis Berteli Ambrosio
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/50119-9 - Integrated and comparative study of three fungal diseases of cacao: witches' broom, frosty pod rot and brown-rot, aiming at understanding the pathogenic mechanisms for the development of control strategies
Grantee:Gonçalo Amarante Guimarães Pereira
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants