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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Straight and Angulated Abutments in Platform Switching: Influence of Loading on Bone Stress by Three-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis

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Martini, Ana Paula [1] ; Freitas, Jr., Amilcar Chagas [2] ; Rocha, Eduardo Passos [1] ; de Almeida, Erika Oliveira [1, 3] ; Anchieta, Rodolfo Bruniera ; Kina, Sidney [1, 2, 4] ; Fasolo, Guilherme Bortolon [4]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Aracatuba Sch Dent, Dept Dent Mat & Prosthodont, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] UnP, Sch Hlth Sci, Dept Post Graduat, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] UFRN, Dept Dent, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Sao Leopoldo Mand Sch, Post Grad Ctr, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY; v. 23, n. 2, p. 415-418, MAR 2012.
Web of Science Citations: 6

Purpose: In view of reports in the literature on the benefits achieved with the use of platform switching, described as the use of an implant with a larger diameter than the abutment diameter, the goal being to prevent the (previously) normal bone loss down to the first thread that occurs around most implants, thus enhancing soft tissue aesthetics and stability and the need for implant inclination due to bone anatomy in some cases, the aim of this study was to evaluate bone stress distribution on peri-implant bone, by using three-dimensional finite element analysis to simulate the influence of implants with different abutment angulations (0 and 15 degrees) in platform switching. Methods: Four mathematical models of an implant-supported central incisor were created with varying abutment angulations: straight abutment (S1 and S2) and angulated abutment at 15 degrees (A1 and A2), submitted to 2 loading conditions (100 N): S1 and A1-oblique loading (45 degrees) and S2 and A2-axial loading, parallel to the long axis of the implant. Maximum (sigma(max)) and minimum (sigma(min)) principal stress values were obtained for cortical and trabecular bone. Results: Models S1 and A1 showed higher sigma(max) in cortical and trabecular bone when compared with S2 and A2. The highest sigma(max) values (in MPa) in the cortical bone were found in S1 (28.5), followed by A1 (25.7), S2 (11.6), and A2 (5.15). For the trabecular bone, the highest sigma(max) values were found in S1 (7.53), followed by A1 (2.87), S2 (2.85), and A2 (1.47). Conclusions: Implants with straight abutments generated the highest stress values in bone. In addition, this effect was potentiated when the load was applied obliquely. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/00209-9 - Biomechanical behavior of a mandibular class I removable partial denture distally supported by an osseointegrated implant: tridimensional analysis by finite element analysis
Grantee:Eduardo Passos Rocha
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants