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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Timing-dependent protection of hypertonic saline solution administration in experimental liver ischemia/reperfusion injury

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Ramos Figueira, Estela Regina [1] ; Bacchella, Telesforo [1] ; Mendonca Coelho, Ana Maria [1] ; Sampietre, Sandra Nassa [1] ; Trindade Molan, Nilza Aparecida [1] ; Cubero Leitao, Regina Maria [1] ; Cesar Machado, Marcel Cerqueira [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Liver Transplantat Serv, Dept Surg, BR-01329000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: SURGERY; v. 147, n. 3, p. 415-423, MAR 2010.
Web of Science Citations: 11

Background. Diving liver ischemia, the decrease in mitochondrial energy causes cellular damage that is aggravated after reperfusion. This injury can trigger a systemic inflammatory syndrome, also producing remote organ damage. Several substances have been employed to decrease this inflammatory response during liver transplantation, liver resections, and hypovolemic shock. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of hypertonic saline solution and the best timing of administration to prevent organ injury during experimental liver ischemia/reperfusion. Methods. Rats underwent 1 hr of warm liver ischemia followed by reperfusion. Eighty-four rats Were allocated into 6 groups: sham group, control of ischemia group) (C), pre-ischemia treated NaCl 0.9% (ISS) and NaCl 7.5% (HTS) groups, pre-repefusion ISS, and HTS groups. Blood and tissue samples were collected 4 hr after reperfusion. Results. HTS showed beneficial effects in prevention of live ischemia/reperfusion injury. HTS groups developed increases in AST and ALT levels that were significantly less than ISS groups; however, the HTS pre-reperfusion group showed levels significantly less than the HTS pre-ischemia group. No differences in IL-6 and IL-10 levels, were observed. A significant decrease in mitochondrial dysfunction as well as hepatic edema was observed in the HTS pre-reperfusion group. Pulmonary vascular permeability Was significantly less in the pre-reperfusion HTS group compared to the ISS group. No differences in myeloperoxidase activity were observed. The liver histologic score was significantly less in the pre-reperfusion HTS group compared to the pre-ischemia I-ITS group. Conclusion. HTS ameliorated local and systemic injuries in experimental liver ischemia/reperfusion. Infusion of HTS in the pre-reperfusion period may be an important adjunct to accomplish the best results. (Surgery 2010;147:415-23.) (AU)

FAPESP's process: 05/04226-7 - Effects of hypertonic solution (NaCl 7.5%) in experimental liver ischemia-reperfusion in rats
Grantee:Marcel Cerqueira Cesar Machado
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants