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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Biomass consumption and CO2, CO and main hydrocarbon gas emissions in an Amazonian forest clearing fire

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Soares Neto, T. G. [1] ; Carvalho, Jr., J. A. [2] ; Veras, C. A. G. [3] ; Alvarado, E. C. [4] ; Gielow, R. [5] ; Lincoln, E. N. [6] ; Christian, T. J. [7] ; Yokelson, R. J. [7] ; Santos, J. C. [1]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Inst Nacl Pesquisas Espaciais, Lab Assoc Combustao & Propulsao, Cachoeira Paulista - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Energia, BR-12516410 Guaratingueta, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Brasilia, Dept Engn Mecan, Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[4] Univ Washington, Coll Forest Resources, Pacific Wildland Fires Sci Lab, Seattle, WA 98195 - USA
[5] Inst Nacl Pesquisas Espaciais, Ctr Previsao Tempo & Estudos Climat, BR-12201 Sao Jose Dos Campos - Brazil
[6] US Forest Serv, USDA, Fire Sci Lab, Missoula, MT - USA
[7] Univ Montana, Dept Chem, Missoula, MT 59812 - USA
Total Affiliations: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: Atmospheric Environment; v. 43, n. 2, p. 438-446, JAN 2009.
Web of Science Citations: 38

Biomass consumption and CO(2), CO and hydrocarbon gas emissions in an Amazonian forest clearing fire are presented and discussed. The experiment was conducted in the arc of deforestation, near the city of Alta Floresta, state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. The average carbon content of dry biomass was 48% and the estimated average moisture content of fresh biomass was 42% on wet weight basis. The fresh biomass and the amount of carbon on the ground before burning were estimated as 528 t ha(-1) and 147 t ha(-1), respectively. The overall biomass consumption for the experiment was estimated as 23.9%. A series of experiment in the same region resulted in average efficiency of 40% for areas of same size and 50% for larger areas. The lower efficiency obtained in the burn reported here occurred possibly due to rain before the experiment. Excess mixing ratios were measured for CO(2), CO, CH(4), C(2)-C(3) aliphatic hydrocarbons, and PM(2.5). Excess mixing ratios of CH(4) and C(2)-C(3) hydrocarbons were linearly correlated with those of CO. The average emission factors of CO(2), CO, CH(4), NMHC, and PM(2.5) were 1,599, 111.3, 9.2, 5.6, and 4.8 g kg(-1) of burned dry biomass, respectively. One hectare of burned forest released about 117,000 kg of CO(2), 8100 kg of CO, 675 kg of CH(4), 407 kg of NMHC and 354 kg of PM(2.5). (C) 2008 Published by Elsevier Ltd. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 98/00104-9 - Combustion of material of different sizes in ground fires in tropical forests
Grantee:João Andrade de Carvalho Junior
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 02/08964-4 - Concentrations of chemical species released during the combustion of biomass in the Amazon Forest
Grantee:João Andrade de Carvalho Junior
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants