Trindade, Ricardo I. F.
D'Agrella-Filho, Manoel Souza
Neves, Benjamim B. Brito
Total Authors: 4
Earth and Planetary Science Letters;
Field of knowledge:
Physical Sciences and Mathematics
Paleomagnetic analysis on 15 early Cambrian mafic dikes from Itabaiana (Paraiba State) yielded a southern (northwestern) direction with steep upward (downward) inclination (D-m = 167.5 degrees, I-m =-63.7 degrees, alpha 95=7.3 degrees). AF and Thermal demagnetization, thermomagnetic curves, and hysteresis results suggest that this component is dominantly carried by fine-grained SD magnetite. The high stability of this component and positive baked contact tests on three dikes indicate it represents a primary thermoremanent magnetization. Ar-Ar analysis on whole-rock samples from two sites provides a strong constraint on the age of the Itabaiana paleomagnetic pole (134.6 degrees E, 34.9 degrees S; A(95) = 7.3, K=28) defined by plateau ages of 525 +/- 5 and 526 +/- 4 Ma. This pole completely satisfies six out of the seven quality criteria proposed by Van der Voo [R. Van der Voo, The reliability of paleomagnetic data, Tectonophysics 184 (1990) 1-9] and permits a tight constraint on the Early Cambrian sector of the Gondwana apparent polar wander path. Paleogeographic reconstructions consistent with the available paleomagnetic and geological record show that Gondwana was sutured along three major orogenies, the Mozambique (Brasilano/Pan-African) Orogeny (800-650 Ma), the Kuunga Orogeny (570-530 Ma) and the Pampean-Araguaia Orogeny (540-520 Ma). We suggest that after rifting away from Laurentia at the end of the Neoproterozoic, opening the Iapetus ocean, the Amazonian craton and minor adjoining blocks, such as Rio Apa and Pampia, collided with the proto-Gondwana by Cambrian times at ca. 530-520 Ma. Unless for small adjustments, Gondwana was completely formed by 525 Ma whose paleogeography is defined by the Itabaiana pole. (AU)