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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Bioconcentration factor estimates of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in grains of corn plants cultivated in soils treated with sewage sludge

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Paraiba, Lourival Costa [1] ; Nascimento Queiroz, Sonia Claudia [1] ; Nunes Maia, Aline de Holanda [1] ; Ferracini, Vera Lucia [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Embrapa Meio Ambiente Embrapa Environm, BR-13820000 Jaguariuna, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Science of The Total Environment; v. 408, n. 16, p. 3270-3276, JUL 15 2010.
Web of Science Citations: 13

This study presents a model to simulate the organic substance concentrations in corn grains assuming that the substances in soil solution are absorbed via the transpiration stream by plants growing in soils fertilized with sewage sludge (SS). The model was applied and validated using soil and corn grain samples from a long-term field experiment with six successive yearly applications of SS to the soil. The following polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were simulated and evaluated in soil and grain samples: acenaphthene, acenaphthylene, anthracene, benz(a)anthracene, benz(a)pyrene, benz(b)fluoranthene. benz(g,h,i)perylene, benz(k)fluoranthene, chrysene, dibenz(a,h)anthracene, fluoranthene, fluorene, indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, naphthalene, phenanthrene and pyrene. The PAN bioconcentration factors (BCF) in corn grains ranged from 1.57 to 10.97 L kg(-1). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with low soil distribution coefficients and high values of transpiration stream concentration factors (TSCF) are more likely to be absorbed by corn plants and accumulated in grains. It was possible to estimate and observe that highly lipophilic PAN molecules (heavy PAHs) show lower accumulative potential in corn grains than the less lipophilic ones (light PAHs). Sewage sludges containing significant concentrations of light PAHs with two, three or four benzene rings should be avoided as fertilizers in alimentary field crops. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 07/04427-8 - Bioconcentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in corn grains cultivated on the sewage sludge-amended soil
Grantee:Lourival Costa Paraíba
Support type: Regular Research Grants