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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Wildlife forensic DNA and lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris) poaching

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Sanches, A. [1] ; Perez, W. A. M. [2] ; Figueiredo, M. G. [3] ; Rossini, B. C. [3] ; Cervini, M. [3] ; Galetti, Jr., P. M. [3] ; Galetti, M. [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] UNESP, Lab Biol Conservacao, Dept Ecol, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Inst Brasileiro Meio Ambiente & Recursos Nat Reno, BR-78640000 Canarana, MT - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Genet Evolucao, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: CONSERVATION GENETICS RESOURCES; v. 3, n. 1, p. 189-193, JAN 2011.
Web of Science Citations: 3

DNA molecular analyses were used in a forensic investigation involving illegal wildlife poaching in central Brazil. The Brazilian environmental agency (IBAMA) sent us two samples of confiscated meat from illegal poaching for species and individual identification. Comparative analysis of cytochrome b sequences (1,070 bp) provided incontestable evidence that the meat samples were from the lowland tapir, Tapirus terrestris. The analysis of nine microsatellites indicated that the two seized meat samples shared the same genotypes, implying that meat from only one individual was present. The lowland tapir is the last representative of megamammals in South America and is a vulnerable species, locally extinct in several regions. The present paper reports a successful genetic investigation of an illegal hunting crime, in which DNA- based molecular analyses of seized ground meat samples were the only tool able to identify the species and individual, proving to be highly useful for wildlife crime investigations. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 07/03392-6 - Effects of the defaunation gradient on plant herbivory, seed predation and dispersal: the Atlantic Rainforest perspective
Grantee:Mauro Galetti Rodrigues
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 07/04073-1 - Linking landscape to molecules: genetic analysis of tapir populations (Tapirus terrestris) of the Atlantic rainforest of São Paulo State
Grantee:Alexandra Sanches
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate