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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Transcriptional regulation of bidirectional gene pairs by 17 beta-estradiol in MCF-7 breast cancer cells

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Garcia, S. A. B. [1] ; Nagai, M. A. [1]
Total Authors: 2
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Disciplina Oncol, Dept Radiol, FM, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research; v. 44, n. 2, p. 112-122, FEB 2011.
Web of Science Citations: 4

Using cDNA microarray analysis, we previously identified a set of differentially expressed genes in primary breast tumors based on the status of estrogen and progesterone receptors. In the present study, we performed an integrated computer-assisted and manual search of potential estrogen response element (ERE) binding sites in the promoter region of these genes to characterize their potential to be regulated by estrogen receptors (ER). Publicly available databases were used to annotate the position of these genes in the genome and to extract a 5' flanking region 2 kb upstream to 2 kb downstream of the transcription start site for transcription binding site analysis. The search for EREs and other binding sites was performed using several publicly available programs. Overall, approximately 40% of the genes analyzed were potentially able to be regulated by estrogen via ER. In addition, 17% of these genes are located very close to other genes organized in a head-to-head orientation with less than 1.0 kb between their transcript units, sharing a bidirectional promoter, and could be classified as bidirectional gene pairs. Using quantitative real-time PCR, we further investigated the effects of 17 beta-estradiol and antiestrogens on the expression of the bidirectional gene pairs in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Our results showed that some of these gene pairs, such as TXNDC9/EIF5B, GALNS/TRAPPC2L, and SERINC1/PKIB, are modulated by 17 beta-estradiol via ER in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Here, we also characterize the promoter region of potential ER-regulated genes and provide new information on the transcriptional regulation of bidirectional gene pairs. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 06/01026-0 - Functional characterization of genes potentially regulated by estrogen receptor and/or ERBB2 oncogene: implications in the diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of breast cancer
Grantee:Maria Aparecida Nagai
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants