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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

High prevalence of aggregative adherent Escherichia coli strains in the mucosa-associated microbiota of patients with inflammatory bowel diseases

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Author(s):
Thomazini, Cristiane M. [1, 2] ; Samegima, Danielle A. G. [1, 3] ; Rodrigues, Maria A. M. [2] ; Victoria, Carlos R. [4] ; Rodrigues, Josias [1, 3]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] UNESP, Dept Microbiol & Immunol, IBB Inst Biosci, BR-18618000 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP, FMB Fac Med, Dept Pathol, BR-18618000 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, ICB Inst Biomed Sci, Postgrad Program Microbiol, BR-09500900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] UNESP, FMB Fac Med, Dept Internal Med, BR-18618000 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY; v. 301, n. 6, p. 475-479, AUG 2011.
Web of Science Citations: 29
Abstract

The intestinal population of Escherichia coil is increased in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but the reason for this elevation, the particular features of these bacteria and their potential role in the pathogenesis of the disease are not known. The present study was undertaken to investigate the adherence abilities and some virulence properties of a collection of 131 E. coil isolates cultured from rectal biopsies of 23 subjects diagnosed with ulcerative colitis (UC), 8 with Crohn's disease (CD) and 23 control patients from southern Brazil. The adherence abilities of the bacteria were investigated in vitro, using HEp-2 epithelial cells in assays of 3 and 6 h of bacteria-cell contact. The isolates were screened by PCR with primers for the following virulence genetic markers: plasmid of aggregative adhesion (pAA) and the aggregative adherence fimbriae R (aggR), E. coli attaching and effacing (eae), invasion-associated locus (ial), invasion plasmid antigen H (ipaH) and Shiga citotoxin-encoding (stx) genes. HEp-2 cells aggregative adherent E. coil strains, as detected in the 3 h adherence assay, were found in 14/23(60.9%) patients with UC, 7/8(87.5%) with CD and in 7/23 (30.4%) controls (p = 0.011). Virulence genetic markers were detected in strains of 9 patients with UC (39.1%), but in none of CD or control group. Two of these UC patients had strains harboring both pAA and aggR, one had strains positive for aggR, four had strains positive for eae and two had strains positive for stx. These results suggest that the augmented population of E. coil on the rectal mucosa of IBD patients, particularly of those diagnosed with UC, is mostly comprised of aggregative adherent strains, some of which possessing classical virulence markers of E. coil. (C) 2011 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/10975-0 - Analysis of bacterial diversity and characterization of Escherichia coli isolates from the enteric microbiota of inflammatory bowel disease patients
Grantee:Josias Rodrigues
Support type: Regular Research Grants