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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Benthic aerobic respiration and nutrient fluxes in Cananéia-Iguape Estuarine-Lagoon complex along a salinity gradient

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Author(s):
Paula C. Moraes [1] ; Bruno O. Sutti [2] ; Vitor G. Chiozzini [3] ; Elisabete S. Braga [4]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Universidade de São Paulo. Oceanographic Institute - Laboratory of Biogeochemistry of Nutrients, Micronutrients and Traces in the Oceans - Brasil
[2] Universidade de São Paulo. Oceanographic Institute - Laboratory of Biogeochemistry of Nutrients, Micronutrients and Traces in the Oceans - Brasil
[3] Universidade de São Paulo. Oceanographic Institute - Laboratory of Biogeochemistry of Nutrients, Micronutrients and Traces in the Oceans - Brasil
[4] Universidade de São Paulo. Oceanographic Institute - Laboratory of Biogeochemistry of Nutrients, Micronutrients and Traces in the Oceans - Brasil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Ocean and Coastal Research; v. 71, 2023-12-04.
Abstract

Abstract Estuaries are important features for global biogeochemical understanding, due to their highly coupled interaction between sediment and water. In those places, the land-sea transect sometimes has a gradient of physical and chemical characteristics, influencing the availability of nutrients and consequently primary production. This study aimed to observe the benthic aerobic respiration and sediment-water nutrient fluxes in a freshwater to marine transect in the Cananéia-Iguape Estuarine-Lagoon Complex (CIELC) on the southeastern Brazilian Coast. This area contains the most pristine mangrove at the limit between tropical and subtropical zones, providing an ideal observatory for ecological research programs. Intact sediment cores were incubated in laboratory to determine fluxes of O2, TCO2, and dissolved nutrients. Three different sites with different salinities were sampled during the four seasons of the year. Sediment characteristics of the sites were compared, showing higher organic matter in the lowest saline (LS) site and higher phytopigments in the highest saline (HS) site, as expected. Benthic aerobic respiration, O2 and CO2 fluxes, ranged from −0.4 to −3.2 mmol m−2h−1 and 0.1 to 1.5 mmol m−2h−1, respectively, and exhibited statistically significant variations between seasons and in a salinity gradient. Dissolved inorganic nitrogen and silicate, ranging from −228.7 to 544.8 μmol m−2h−1 and −205.8 to 4,173.5 μmol m−2h−1, respectively, were generally released from the sediment, whereas phosphate ranged from −25.2 to 29.6 μmol m−2h−1 with more variation in time and space. The LS site was characterized as a nitrogen sink and a silicate and phosphate releaser, and the HS site was characterized as a nitrogen producer and a phosphorus consumer. However, seasonal and spatial variations were observed, and the interaction between space and time factors was always highly significant, indicating that the metabolic behavior of the benthic compartment depends on both trophic and physicochemical conditions. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 20/16485-7 - Biogeochemical and socio-environmental study of coastal ecosystems: contribution to the assessment of sustainability and environmental impact (BIOGEOQUIS-ECOS)
Grantee:Elisabete de Santis Braga da Graça Saraiva
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/24119-0 - Study of the nitrogen cycle in estuarine systems subject to different impacts of natural and anthropic changes on the São Paulo Coast
Grantee:Paula Carpintero de Moraes
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral