Advanced search
Start date

Leaf transcriptome profiling of contrasting sugarcane genotypes for drought tolerance under field conditions

Full text
Show less -
Contiliani, Danyel Fernandes ; de Oliveira Nebo, Joao Felipe Carlos ; Ribeiro, Rafael Vasconcelos ; Andrade, Larissa Mara ; Peixoto Junior, Rafael Favero ; Lembke, Carolina Gimiliani ; Machado, Ricardo Silverio ; Silva, Daniel Nunes ; Belloti, Mariana ; de Souza, Glaucia Mendes ; Perecin, Dilermando ; Pereira, Tiago Campos ; de Matos Pires, Regina Celia ; Fontoura, Patricia Rezende ; Landell, Marcos G. A. ; Figueira, Antonio ; Creste, Silvana
Total Authors: 17
Document type: Journal article
Source: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 12, n. 1, p. 12-pg., 2022-06-01.

Drought is the most detrimental abiotic stress to sugarcane production. Nevertheless, transcriptomic analyses remain scarce for field-grown plants. Here we performed comparative transcriptional profiling of two contrasting sugarcane genotypes, 'IACSP97-7065' (drought-sensitive) and 'IACSP94-2094' (drought-tolerant) grown in a drought-prone environment. Physiological parameters and expression profiles were analyzed at 42 (May) and 117 (August) days after the last rainfall. The first sampling was done under mild drought (soil water potential of -60 kPa), while the second one was under severe drought (soil water potential of -75 kPa). Microarray analysis revealed a total of 622 differentially expressed genes in both sugarcane genotypes under mild and severe drought stress, uncovering about 250 exclusive transcripts to 'IACSP94-2094' involved in oxidoreductase activity, transcriptional regulation, metabolism of amino acids, and translation. Interestingly, the enhanced antioxidant system of 'IACSP94-2094' may protect photosystem II from oxidative damage, which partially ensures stable photochemical activity even after 117 days of water shortage. Moreover, the tolerant genotype shows a more extensive set of responsive transcription factors, promoting the fine-tuning of drought-related molecular pathways. These results help elucidate the intrinsic molecular mechanisms of a drought-tolerant sugarcane genotype to cope with ever-changing environments, including prolonged water deficit, and may be useful for plant breeding programs. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/06446-2 - Characterization of gene expression profile of sugarcane-contrasting cultivars for drought stress
Grantee:João Felipe Nebó Carlos de Oliveira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 21/13478-2 - Genome editing of grass species via CRISPR/Cas9
Grantee:Danyel Fernandes Contiliani
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 08/57923-5 - (BIOEN-FAPESP) Gene expression profile and carbon isotope discrimination in sugarcane genotypes under water deficit stress
Grantee:Antonio Vargas de Oliveira Figueira
Support Opportunities: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Regular Program Grants
FAPESP's process: 08/52146-0 - Sugarcane signaling and regulatory networks
Grantee:Glaucia Mendes Souza
Support Opportunities: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/50661-8 - Characterization of sugar cane transcripts that respond to water stress in order to obtain drought-tolerant transgenic plants
Grantee:Silvana Aparecida Creste Dias de Souza
Support Opportunities: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Regular Program Grants