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Nature and Prevalence of Bacterial Taxa Persisting after Root Canal Chemomechanical Preparation in Permanent Teeth: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

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Nardello, Laura C. L. ; Pinheiro, Ericka T. ; Gavini, Giulio ; Prado, Lais C. ; Romero, Roberto X. ; Gomes, Brenda P. F. A. ; Skelton-Macedo, Mary C.
Total Authors: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF ENDODONTICS; v. 48, n. 5, p. 25-pg., 2022-05-01.

Introduction: Culture-independent molecular studies have shown a broad spectrum of bacterial taxa that persist after chemomechanical procedures (CMP). Therefore, this study systematically reviewed these reports to explore the prevalence of bacteria in postinstrumentation samples of root canals from permanent teeth, especially of as-yetuncultivated/difficult-to-culture bacteria. Methods: Electronic databases were searched from 2007 to January 2021. Clinical studies using culture-independent molecular methods to identify species-level taxa before and after CMP were included. Studies were critically appraised using the Joanna Briggs Institute Prevalence Critical Appraisal Checklist and the funnel plot analysis. The meta-analysis was performed on the prevalence of as-yetuncultivated/difficult-to-culture bacterial taxa using RStudio. Results: A total of 3781 titles were screened, but only 20 studies were included. The most frequent species in postinstrumentation samples were Streptococcus spp., Leptotrichia buccalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, and Capnocytophaga ochracea. The detection frequency of some species increased after CMP, including mainly Firmicutes members such as streptococci, Enterococcus faecium, Selenomonas noxia, and Solobacterium moorei. The prevalence (confidence interval) of difficult-to-culture species was as follows: Dialister invisus, 17% (7%-29%); Solobacterium moorei, 14% (8%-23%); Bacteroidaceae [G-1] bacterium HMT 272, 13% (5%-23%); and Filifactor alocis, 11% (3%-23%). Conclusions: The prevalence of as-yetuncultivated/difficult-to-culture bacterial taxa in post-instrumentation samples was low. The persistent species belonged mainly to the phylum Firmicutes, and streptococci were the major members. Future larger clinical studies on the composition of the whole bacterial community that persist after CMP are still necessary for a better understanding of bacterial interactions and their clinical significance in the treatment outcome. (J Endod 2022;48:572-596.) (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/15473-0 - Analysis of Metabolically Active Bacterial Community of Persistent Endodontic Infections after Different Clinical Protocols of Disinfection: RNA- and DNA-based Molecular Study
Grantee:Ericka Tavares Pinheiro
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants