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UX Work in Software Start-Ups: Challenges from the Current State of Practice

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Author(s):
Silveira, Sofia A. M. ; Choma, Joelma ; Pereira, Roberto ; Guerra, Eduardo M. ; Zaina, Luciana A. M. ; Gregory, P ; Lassenius, C ; Wang, X ; Kruchten, P
Total Authors: 9
Document type: Journal article
Source: AGILE PROCESSES IN SOFTWARE ENGINEERING AND EXTREME PROGRAMMING (XP 2021); v. 419, p. 17-pg., 2021-01-01.
Abstract

Software start-ups develop innovative software products working with disruptive technologies in time pressure and market-driven environment. Recently, User eXperience (UX) has become a hot topic that interests software teams of start-ups. However, software and UX professionals have struggled to match UX practices into the development activities, partially because of the lack of resources in the start-ups. This paper investigates how software start-ups handle UX activities during software development and how relevant UX is to these companies' professionals. To achieve our aim, we surveyed 88 professionals who take part in software teams in star-ups, analyzing the responses using descriptive and statistical methods. Our results reveal that regardless of having or not a UX position in the start-up, UX practices are spread in different software development phases and not fitting into them. Results also show although professionals consider UX relevant and recognize important skills to perform UX activities, some obstacles hinder the effective use of UX in software start-ups. From the survey results, we identified a set of challenges to be overcome in consolidating the UX work in software start-ups. By diagnosing the UX state-of-practice in start-up scenarios and identifying such challenges, our work contributes to provides relevant insights to further academic and practical studies in this field. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 20/10429-8 - Investigating UX work in softtware startups
Grantee:Joelma Choma
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Technical Training Program - Technical Training
FAPESP's process: 20/00615-9 - Towards a multi-dimensional framework to put UX into action in software startups
Grantee:Luciana Aparecida Martinez Zaina
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants