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ESR dosimetry with lithium, potassium, and sodium compounds

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Author(s):
Rech, Amanda B. B. ; Kinoshita, Angela ; Donate, Paulo M. M. ; Baffa, Oswaldo
Total Authors: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Applied Radiation and Isotopes; v. 181, p. 9-pg., 2022-03-01.
Abstract

This work consists of a first investigation of materials that could be used as ESR dosimeters with doses up to 5 Gy aiming possible applications that would include retrospective dosimetry or dosimetry in specific applications. The characteristics considered were radiological properties close to that of soft tissues, evaluated through their effective atomic number and mass attenuation coefficient, ESR signal dependence on the irradiation dose, sensitivity to dose in the range of-5 Gy when exposed to a 50 kV x-ray source and signal stability over a 30-day period. A total of 16 compounds of lithium, potassium and sodium were analyzed, including the already known dosimeter material, lithium formate. Among them, lithium carbonate, lithium phosphate, sodium formate, so-dium acetate, sodium citrate, sodium dithionite, sodium carbonate, showed eligible characteristics. After analyzing the ESR dose-response curves, the molecules that showed greater sensitivity to radiation in descending order are: sodium formate, sodium acetate, sodium citrate and sodium dithionite, however, lower than lithium formate. Sodium formate and sodium citrate presented ESR signals with high stability, similar to lithium formate, with fading of-3% in 30 days, different from sodium acetate, which showed a 19% reduction. Sodium citrate also presents radiological properties close to soft tissue. Therefore, considering all properties, in the set of the new materials studied in this work, sodium citrate is a promising material for ESR dosimetry. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/03258-9 - Study and characterization of organic materials for small field dosimetry with electronic magnetic resonance
Grantee:Amanda Burg Rech
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 07/06720-4 - Advances in electron spin resonance dosimetry, archeological dating and biomaterials characterization
Grantee:Oswaldo Baffa Filho
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/07699-0 - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Center for Neuromathematics - NeuroMat
Grantee:Oswaldo Baffa Filho
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC