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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

ndangered Lymphocytes: The Effects of Alloxan and Streptozotocin on Immune Cells in Type 1 Induced Diabete

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Queiroz, Luiz A. D. [1] ; Assis, Josiane B. [2] ; Guimaraes, Joao P. T. [1] ; Sousa, Emanuella S. A. [1] ; Milhomem, Analia C. [3] ; Sunahara, Karen K. S. [4] ; Sa-Nunes, Anderson [2] ; Martins, Joilson O. [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Clin & Toxicol Anal, Lab Immunoendocrinol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Immunol, Lab Expt Immunol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Goias, Dept Microbiol Immunol Parasitol & Pathol, Inst Trop Pathol & Publ Hlth, Goiania, Go - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Med Sch, Dept Sci Expt Physiopathol, Expt Physiopathol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Mediators of Inflammation; v. 2021, OCT 19 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Alloxan (ALX) and streptozotocin (STZ) are extensively used to induce type 1 diabetes (T1D) in animal models. This study is aimed at evaluating the differences in immune parameters caused by ALX and STZ. T1D was induced either with ALX or with STZ, and the animals were followed for up to 180 days. Both ALX and STZ induced a decrease in the total number of circulating leukocytes and lymphocytes, with an increase in granulocytes when compared to control mice (CT). STZ-treated mice also exhibited an increase in neutrophils and a reduction in the lymphocyte percentage in the bone marrow. In addition, while the STZ-treated group showed a decrease in total CD3(+), CD4(-)CD8(+), and CD4(+)CD8(+) T lymphocytes in the thymus and CD19(+) B lymphocytes in the pancreas and spleen, the ALX group showed an increase in CD4(-)CD8(+) and CD19(+) only in the thymus. Basal levels of splenic interleukin- (IL-) 1 beta and pancreatic IL-6 in the STZ group were decreased. Both diabetic groups showed atrophy of the thymic medulla and degeneration of pancreatic islets of Langerhans composed of inflammatory infiltration and hyperemia with vasodilation. ALX-treated mice showed a decrease in reticuloendothelial cells, enhanced lymphocyte/thymocyte cell death, and increased number of Hassall's corpuscles. Reduced in vitro activation of splenic lymphocytes was found in the STZ-treated group. Furthermore, mice immunized with ovalbumin (OVA) showed a more intense antigen-specific paw edema response in the STZ-treated group, while production of anti-OVA IgG1 antibodies was similar in both groups. Thereby, important changes in immune cell parameters in vivo and in vitro were found at an early stage of T1D in the STZ-treated group, whereas alterations in the ALX-treated group were mostly found in the chronic phase of T1D, including increased mortality rates. These findings suggest that the effects of ALX and STZ influenced, at different times, lymphoid organs and their cell populations. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 20/03175-0 - Investigating mechanisms that link angiotensins to obesity and diabetes
Grantee:Joilson de Oliveira Martins
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/11540-7 - Investigating the role of insulin in the presence of allergic pulmonary inflammation in diabetic and healthy mice
Grantee:Joilson de Oliveira Martins
Support type: Regular Research Grants