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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

urvey of Aflatoxins and Ochratoxin A in Spices from Brazilian Marke

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Iha, Maria Helena [1] ; Rodrigues, Matheus Leandro [1] ; Briganti, Rita de Cassia [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Adolfo Lutz Inst, Nucleus Chem & Bromatol Sci, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology; v. 64, 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The incidence of aflatoxins and ochratoxin A in spices purchased from Sao Paulo State, Brazil was investigated. A total of 180 black pepper (Piper nigrum L.), colorifico (mixture of cornmeal or cassava flour with powdered annatto, Bixa orellana) ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe), nutmeg (Myristica fragrans), paprika (Capsicum annuum L.), and turmeric (Curcuma longa) were analyzed with a modified methods by using immunoaffinity column for clean-up and liquid chromatography/fluorescence detector for separation and quantification. Analytical methods were optimized for each spice, focusing mainly on the extraction step. OTA recoveries ranged from 65-102%. AFs recoveries were >70% except for AFG2. The average levels of AFs and OTA in black pepper, colorifico and turmeric samples were less than 2 ng/g. Twenty-five ginger samples (100%) contained OTA 0.10 - 7.10 ng/g and 21 samples (84%) contained AFs 0.10 - 9.55 ng/g. Twenty-nine nutmeg samples (100%) contained OTA 0.92 - 65.49 ng/g and AFs 2.71 - 48.67 ng/g. Thirty paprika samples (100%) contained OTA, 0.75 - 147.18 ng/g and twenty-two samples (73%) contained AFs, 0.11 - 14.92 ng/g. AFs and OTA in nutmeg and paprika could represent a food safety issue in Brazil. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/07009-7 - Quality of spices commercialized in the São Paulo State: physico-chemical (incidence of mycotoxins, analysis of artificial dyes) and microscopic (identification of histological elements, investigation of extraneous materials)
Grantee:Maria Helena Iha Matias
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants