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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

eal-Time Monitoring Polymerization Reactions Using Dipolar Echoes in H-1 Time Domain NMR at a Low Magnetic Fiel

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Garcia, Rodrigo Henrique dos Santos [1] ; Filgueiras, Jefferson Goncalves [2, 3] ; Colnago, Luiz Alberto [4] ; de Azevedo, Eduardo Ribeiro [5]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, CP 369, BR-13660970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Inst Fis, CP 68528, BR-21941972 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Fluminense, Inst Quim, Outeiro Sao Joao Batista, BR-24020007 Niteroi, RJ - Brazil
[4] Embrapa Instrumentacao, Rua XV Novembro 15, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis Sao Carlos, CP 369, BR-13660970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Molecules; v. 27, n. 2 JAN 2022.
Web of Science Citations: 0

H-1 time domain nuclear magnetic resonance (H-1 TD-NMR) at a low magnetic field becomes a powerful technique for the structure and dynamics characterization of soft organic materials. This relies mostly on the method sensitivity to the H-1-H-1 magnetic dipolar couplings, which depend on the molecular orientation with respect to the applied magnetic field. On the other hand, the good sensitivity of the H-1 detection makes it possible to monitor real time processes that modify the dipolar coupling as a result of changes in the molecular mobility. In this regard, the so-called dipolar echoes technique can increase the sensitivity and accuracy of the real-time monitoring. In this article we evaluate the performance of commonly used H-1 TD-NMR dipolar echo methods for probing polymerization reactions. As a proof of principle, we monitor the cure of a commercial epoxy resin, using techniques such as mixed-Magic Sandwich Echo (MSE), Rhim Kessemeier-Radiofrequency Optimized Solid Echo (RK-ROSE) and Dipolar Filtered Magic Sandwich Echo (DF-MSE). Applying a reaction kinetic model that supposes simultaneous autocatalytic and noncatalytic reaction pathways, we show the analysis to obtain the rate and activation energy for the epoxy curing reaction using the NMR data. The results obtained using the different NMR methods are in good agreement among them and also results reported in the literature for similar samples. This demonstrates that any of these dipolar echo pulse sequences can be efficiently used for monitoring and characterizing this type of reaction. Nonetheless, the DF-MSE method showed intrinsic advantages, such as easier data handling and processing, and seems to be the method of choice for monitoring this type of reaction. In general, the procedure is suitable for characterizing reactions involving the formation of solid products from liquid reagents, with some adaptations concerning the reaction model. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/13656-8 - Development and application of nuclear magnetic resonance in products and agricultural processes
Grantee:Luiz Alberto Colnago
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/24465-3 - NMR methods for plant cell wall characterization: development and applications to second generation biofuel technologies
Grantee:Eduardo Ribeiro de Azevedo
Support Opportunities: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Regular Program Grants
FAPESP's process: 21/12694-3 - Applications of NMR and infrared spectroscopies in the non-destructive analysis of products and agroindustrial processes
Grantee:Luiz Alberto Colnago
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants