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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Target Spot Control and Modulation of the Physiology in Cucumber Using Phosphites and Chitosan

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Author(s):
Fischer, Ivan Herman [1] ; Meleiro da Silva, Lucas [2] ; Marques de Almeida Bertani, Rosemary [1] ; Fernandes Deus, Angelica Cristina [3] ; Mota da Silva, Vicente [3] ; de Almeida Silva, Marcelo [3]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Agcy Paulista Agribusiness Technol, Reg Midwest Pole, Bauru, SP - Brazil
[2] Integrated Coll Bauru, Bauru, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Agr Sci, Dept Crop Prod, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: GESUNDE PFLANZEN; v. 73, n. 4, p. 521-531, DEC 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Phosphites and chitosan were evaluated in target spot control, nutrition and gas exchange in cucumbers. Three weekly sprayings of commercial products were conducted, and Corynespora cassiicola (causal agent of target spot) was inoculated in the second and third true leaves four days after the last spraying. Zn, Mn, K and Cu phosphites reduced the disease severity, but the treatments had no effect on the development of the plants and the accumulation of macronutrients in the above ground part, with the exception of sulfur. The accumulation of Cu, Mn and Zn micronutrients were higher in plants treated with Cu, Mn and Zn phosphites, respectively. The green color index was influenced by the treatments after pathogen inoculation, with the highest values for Zn and Cu phosphites. Before inoculation, the products influenced net CO2 assimilation rate (A), stomatal conductance (g(s)) and internal CO2 concentration (C-i). The parameters g(s) and C-i increased, which indicates that the treatments can physiologically benefit the plants in the absence of a stress condition. After fungal inoculation, the Cu, Mn and Zn phosphites caused positive physiological effects, leading to the highest A values and adequate carboxylation efficiency (CE), which increases the capacity of plants to assimilate CO2. These phosphites also maintained adequate water use efficiency and g(s) and C-i values. Such indexes corresponded to lower disease severity, indicating that Mn, Zn and Cu phosphites reduced the stress caused by the disease, preserving the functionality of the photosynthetic apparatus. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/02966-3 - Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) target spot: epidemiological aspects and control
Grantee:Ivan Herman Fischer
Support type: Regular Research Grants