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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

ematological and biochemical parameters of premature kids of goats subjected to different dexamethasone protocol

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Author(s):
Narciso, Luis Gustavo [1] ; Alcindo, Jefferson Ferreira [2] ; Bovino, Fernanda [3] ; Trevizan, Juliane Teramachi [4] ; Vieira, Dielson da Silva [1] ; Martins de Almeida, Breno Fernando [5] ; Bosco, Anelise Maria [1] ; Formiga Feitosa, Francisco Leydson [1]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Dept Clin Cirurgia & Reprod Anim, Fac Med Vet Aracatuba FMVA, Aracatuba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Juiz de Fora UFJF, Dept Med Vet, Juiz De Fora, MG - Brazil
[3] Fundacao Educ Andradina, Andradina, SP - Brazil
[4] Ctr Univ Rio Preto UNIRP, Dept Reprod Anim, Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
[5] Ctr Univ Ourinhos Unifio, Ourinhos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Ciência Rural; v. 52, n. 6 2022.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Corticosteroid therapy has been used for ruminants to allow lung maturation and the birth of premature babies. However, when considering laboratory analyses of these animals, very little data is available regarding hematological and biochemical patterns, especially for premature goats, and the effects of corticotherapy on these parameters are unknown. In this context, the objective of this study was to evaluate the hematological and biochemical parameters during the first hours of life of premature kids from goats subjected to different dexamethasone protocols. For this, the goats were divided into four groups: group I, goats that received 20 mg of dexamethasone at 139 days of gestation; group II, 2 mg of dexamethasone from the 133rd to 136th day of gestation, 4 mg from the 137th to 139th, and 20 mg on the 140th; group III, 16 mg of dexamethasone from the 139th day, with repeated doses every 12 h until elective surgery; and group IV, goats that received 4, 8, 16, and 20 mg of dexamethasone at 137, 138, 139, and 140 days of gestation, respectively. Blood samples were obtained at birth (T0h) and after 1 (T1h), 12 (T12h), 24 (T24h), and 48 h (T48h) of life for hemogram and serum biochemistry assessment of urea, creatinine, total protein (PT), and gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT). PT levels and GGT activity were lower at birth in all groups and rose after colostrum ingestion. The creatinine values for all the experimental groups did not differ between T0h and T1h; however, they decreased in the subsequent moments. Except for group I, urea concentrations were higher at T48h than at T1h. The red blood cell, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and mean corpuscular hemoglobin counts decreased over time. The total leukocyte count behaved differently in different experimental groups, and was influenced by the levels of dexamethasone, mainly due to the change in the counts of segmented neutrophils and lymphocytes. It was concluded that significant changes in the hematological and biochemical parameters occur in the first hours of life of premature kids, and that the treatment of goats with dexamethasone can affect these parameters in a dose-dependent manner. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/22435-9 - Hyperspectral data use for prediction of leaf nitrogen content in sugarcane
Grantee:Peterson Ricardo Fiorio
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Regular Program Grants