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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Environmental sustainability of Nile tilapia production on rural family farms in the tropical Atlantic Forest region

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de Godoy, Elisa Maia [1] ; David, Fernanda S. [2] ; Fialho, Naor S. [1] ; Proenca, Danilo C. [1] ; Camargo, Tavani R. [1] ; Bueno, Guilherme Wolff [1, 3]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Aquaculture Ctr, Campus Jaboticabal, Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] RINA BRASIL Serv Tecn LTDA, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Dept Fishery Engn, Campus Registro, Registro, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Aquaculture; v. 547, JAN 30 2022.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Fish farming practiced on small rural properties is an important economic and social alternative for local populations. However, the existing challenges of different production systems and the potential environmental impact of fish farming compromise the permanence of the producer in this activity. Thus, the present study evaluated environmental sustainability (ES) by applying indicators on family fish farms that produce Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in earthen pond semi-intensive systems in the Vale do Ribeira region, area of Atlantic Forest form Sa similar to o Paulo state, Brazil. Data on the productive performance and environmental variables of two commercial fish farms were used to determine the environmental sustainability indicators and elaborate diagrams with a performance scale. Fish farm A showed sub-indices of 1.00 in relation to the efficiency in the use of energy (E), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and carbon (C), being respectively -46%, 2%, 27%, and 18% higher when compared to fish farm B. Environmental sustainability was strongly influenced by the increased generation of pollutants in the fish farms, but also by other elements besides the inputs added in the aquaculture system. Alternative technologies that use less water per production unit and allow more efficient nutrient use improve the environmental sustainability of production. Also, the results demonstrate that the environmental sustainability indicators and index are effective tool to assist aquaculture producers in sustainably planning the activity. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/07948-6 - Bioeconomic prediction model for climatic and financial risk analysis of aquaculture enterprises with high-producing in a hydroelectric reservoir
Grantee:Guilherme Wolff Bueno
Support Opportunities: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Regular Grants