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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

nalysis of Signal Processing Techniques for High Impedance Fault Detection in Distribution System

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Lopes, Gabriela Nunes [1] ; Lacerda, Vinicius Albernaz [1] ; Vieira, Jose Carlos Melo [1] ; Coury, Denis Vinicius [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Sch Engn, Dept Elect & Comp Engn, BR-13566590 Sao Carlos - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery; v. 36, n. 6, p. 3438-3447, DEC 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

High Impedance Faults (HIFs) occur by the contact between an energized conductor and a high impedance surface. Due to the low fault current level, HIFs cannot be detected by conventional protection and there is no fully efficient solution to this problem. HIF detection methods often extract metrics using signal processing techniques, such as Fourier Transform, Wavelet Transform, Stockwell Transform, and Mathematical Morphology. However, these techniques are applied under specific conditions, which hinders comparative and critical analyses among them. Therefore, this paper presents a critical review of HIF detection methods based on the aforementioned techniques, and also shows a detailed investigation of the performance of the metrics commonly used with them. To do this efficiently, the authors proposed a set of assessment indices based on the ratio between the metrics' characteristics and another one based on the repeating of the metrics features. The proposed indices revealed that some of these metrics fail to distinguish HIF from other typical occurrences in power distribution systems, and their performances are negatively affected by the fault location and by the existence of noise in the measurements. Additionally, the results showed a need to specify system conditions in which any HIF detection technique is valid. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/14242-0 - Development of a hybrid method for high impedance fault detection in power distribution systems
Grantee:Gabriela Nunes Lopes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 15/21167-6 - Fault detection, fault location and intelligent protection of multiterminal HVDC lines
Grantee:Vinícius Albernaz Lacerda Freitas
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)