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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

ong distance pollen dispersal and intrapopulation genetic structure determined by clonal diversity in Hymenaea stigonocarpa populations of the Brazilian savann

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Moreno, Maria A. [1] ; Boshier, David [2] ; Tarazi, Roberto [1] ; Tambarussi, V, Evandro ; Aguiar, I, Bruna ; Ferraz, Elza M. [3] ; Kageyama, Paulo Y. [3] ; Sebbenn, Alexandre M. [4]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Av Padua Dias 11, Caixa Posta 19, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Oxford, Dept Plant Sci, South Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3RB - England
[3] Aguiar, Bruna, I, Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Av Padua Dias 11, Caixa Posta 19, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[4] Inst Florestal Sao Paulo, CP 1322, BR-01059970 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: TREES-STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION; v. 36, n. 1 NOV 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The Brazilian savanna is the second largest Neotropical biome, and a globally important biodiversity hotspot. Basic knowledge of the ecology and genetics of its species can help conserve this important biome. We investigated genetic diversity, spatial genetic structure (SGS), pollen dispersal, and mating system in three Hymenaea stigonocarpa populations (AS, PE, IT) in the Brazilian savanna, using microsatellite loci and samples of adult trees from all populations and seeds from the IT population. As a result of the long geographic distance between populations, the genetic differentiation among them was high (0.397). Individuals of the IT population presented a grouped distribution due to root propagation, resulting in low genotypic richness (GR = 0.194) and allelic richness (R = 4), and high SGS (Sp = 0.064) compared to AS and PE (GR > 0.98, R > 5, Sp < 0.026) populations. The IT population showed high pollen immigration (46.4%), pollen dispersal distance (up to 3.57 km), and outcrossing rate (0.934-1.0), but matings were correlated (0.01-1), and some occurred among relatives (up to 0.098), resulting in some inbred seeds (0.140), a lower variance effective population size (N-e = 3.02) than expected with random mating, and an estimate of 50 seed-trees required to retain an N-e of 150 in samples of maternal progeny. The estimated minimum viable area to retain a reference (N-er) of 1000 indicates that the current AS and IT population areas are insufficient to maintain viable populations in the long-term, demonstrating the importance of maintaining surrounding areas for conservation of these H. stigonocarpa populations. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 07/06648-1 - Genetics and reproductive system of populations of native species from the cerrado biome
Grantee:Paulo Yoshio Kageyama
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants