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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Resistance exercise improves learning and memory and modulates hippocampal metabolomic profile in aged rats

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Serra, Fernando Tadeu [1] ; Cardoso, Fabrizio dos Santos [2] ; Petraconi, Nathalia [1] ; dos Santos, Julio Cesar Claudino [1] ; Araujo, Bruno Henrique Silva [3] ; Arida, Ricardo Mario [1] ; da Silva, Sergio Gomes [1, 4, 5]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Mogi das Cruzes, Nucl Pesquisas Tecnol, Mogi Das Cruzes, SP - Brazil
[3] Brazilian Ctr Res Energy & Mat CNPEM, Brazilian Biosci Natl Lab LNBio, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Ctr Univ FAMINAS UNIFAMINAS, Muriae, MG - Brazil
[5] Hosp Canc Muria, Fdn Cristiano Varella FCV, Av Cristiano Ferreira Varella, 555 Univ, BR-36880000 Muriae, MG - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Neuroscience Letters; v. 766, JAN 1 2022.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Physical activity has been considered an important non-medication intervention to preserve mnemonic processes during aging. However, how resistance exercise promotes such benefits remains unclear. A possible hypothesis is that brain-metabolic changes of regions responsible for memory consolidation is affected by muscular training. Therefore, we analyzed the memory, axiety and the metabolomic of aged male Wistar rats (19-20 months old in the 1st day of experiment) submitted to a 12-week resistance exercise protocol (EX, n = 11) or which remained without physical exercise (CTL, n = 13). Barnes maze, elevated plus maze and inhibitory avoidance tests were used to assess the animals' behaviour. The metabolomic profile was identified by nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry. EX group had better performance in the tests of learning and spatial memory in Barnes maze, and an increase of short and long-term aversive memories formation in inhibitory avoidance. In addition, the exercised animals showed a greater amount of metabolites, such as 4-aminobutyrate, acetate, butyrate, choline, fumarate, glycerol, glycine, histidine, hypoxanthine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, niacinamide, phenylalanine, succinate, tyrosine, valine and a reduction of ascorbate and aspartate compared to the control animals. These data indicate that the improvement in learning and memory of aged rats submitted to resistance exercise program is associated by changes in the hippocampal metabolomic profile. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/16443-0 - Therapeutic potential of low-level laser in the brain of aged rats
Grantee:Fabrízio dos Santos Cardoso
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate