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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The origin of abnormal grain growth upon thermomechanical processing of laser powder-bed fusion alloys

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Aota, Leonardo Shoji [1, 2] ; Bajaj, Priyanshu [3] ; Zilnyk, Kahl Dick [4] ; Ponge, Dirk [1] ; Sandim, Hugo Ricardo Zschommler [2]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Max Planck Inst Eisenforsch GmbH, D-40237 Dusseldorf - Germany
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Lorena Sch Engn, Dept Mat Engn, BR-12602810 Lorena - Brazil
[3] M4p Mat Solut GmbH, A-9181 Feistritz Im Rosental - Austria
[4] Inst Tecnol Aeronaut, BR-12228900 Sao Jose Dos Campos - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: MATERIALIA; v. 20, DEC 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Parts produced by laser powder-bed fusion (LPBF) show unique microstructures consisting of dislocation structures and an oxide nanoparticle dispersion usually embedded in epitaxially-grown grains. Thermomechanical processing is an alternative to enhance the microstructure of such materials. However, the deformation mechanisms and the resulting microstructures following annealing are not yet well understood, hindering further microstructure control. We apply cold rolling and subsequent annealing in AISI 316L stainless steel processed by LPBF and perform an in-depth microstructural characterization to understand the origin of abnormal growth and how to avoid it. Upon deformation, mechanical twinning occurs. Early plastic instabilities arise due to the fine substructure with high defect density, resulting in profuse shear banding. Such shear bands carry most of the subsequent deformation, reducing the volume fraction of oxide particles along these regions due to enhanced particle dissolution via cracking/fragmentation. Upon annealing, the cold-rolled specimens show abnormal <110> parallel to ND grains nucleating at shear bands. The earlier recrystallization onset and fragmented particle dissolution in shear bands result in a local lower Zener pinning and generate a size advantage for <110> parallel to ND grains. Based on this investigation, abnormal growth may be triggered by shear bands in cold-rolled and annealed LPBF alloys for grain boundary engineering. Our results suggest that avoiding shear banding (and the consequent particle fragmentation) inhibits abnormal grain growth, thus yielding a more uniform and fine-grained microstructure. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/23582-9 - Microstructural stability of 316L stainless steel processed via selective laser melting using different scanning strategies
Grantee:Leonardo Shoji Aota
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 19/19442-0 - Microstructural stability of AISI 316L stainless steel processed by selective laser melting using different scanning strategies
Grantee:Leonardo Shoji Aota
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree