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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The influence of environment and carbonation of fiber cement tiles on the reflectance of a cool surface exposed in four Brazilian cities

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Shirakawa, Marcia Aiko [1] ; de Lima, Lucas Nascimento [1] ; Gaylarde, Christine [2] ; Fernandes-Hachich, Vera [3] ; Silva Junior, Joao de Athaydes [4] ; John, Vanderley Moacyr [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Politecn, Av Prof Luciano Gualberto 380, Butanta, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Oklahoma, Dept Microbiol & Plant Biol, 770 Van Vleet Oval, Norman, OK 73091 - USA
[3] Tesis, R Aparande 4, BR-05061000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Para, Inst Geociencias, R Augusto Correa 01, BR-66075110 Belem, Para - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: ENERGY AND BUILDINGS; v. 254, JAN 1 2022.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Cool materials are a suitable way to mitigate urban heat islands and help dimmish CO2 emissions and thermal discomfort in cities. However, the deposition of particulate matter and microbial growth reduces the reflectance of cool materials over time. There is little literature on this, especially in tropical climates. This research aimed to investigate the effects of biofilm formation over a white cool paint exposed in different Brazilian environments with Koppen's climate classifications Cfb, Cfa, Am and Af. The paint was applied over fiber cement panels, without or after accelerated carbonation, to mimic new and aged tiles, respectively. Pre-carbonation of the fiber cement favored intense colonization by Scytonema that influenced the loss of reflectance in the panels aged in Belem, northern Brazil. The panels exposed in Pirassununga in South-East Brazil, on the other hand, presented an intense growth of phototrophs and fungi, that, together with deposition of particulate soil rich in iron oxide, caused a reduction of over 0.35 reflectance for the carbonated tiles. The loss of reflectance varied from 19% in the samples exposed in Sao Paulo to 36% in the samples exposed in Belem. This study has shown that the reduction in reflectance caused by biofilm development is not uniform in different Brazilian environments even when the substrate and coating are the same. (C) 2021 Published by Elsevier B.V. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/03164-0 - Influence of roughness in the reflectance of aged cool surfaces
Grantee:Lucas Nascimento de Lima
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation