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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Against the mainstream: exceptional evolutionary stability of ZW sex chromosomes across the fish families Triportheidae and Gasteropelecidae (Teleostei: Characiformes)

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Yano, Cassia Fernanda [1] ; Sember, Alexandr [2] ; Kretschmer, Rafael [1] ; Carlos Bertollo, Luiz Antonio [1] ; Ezaz, Tariq [3] ; Hatanaka, Terumi [1] ; Liehr, Thomas [4] ; Rab, Petr [2] ; Al-Rikabi, Ahmed [4] ; Viana, Patrik Ferreira [5] ; Feldberg, Eliana [5] ; de Oliveira, Ezequiel Aguiar [1] ; Toma, Gustavo Akira [1] ; Cioffi, Marcelo de Bello [1]
Total Authors: 14
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Genet & Evolucao, Rod Washington Luiz Km 235, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Czech Acad Sci, Inst Anim Physiol & Genet, Lab Fish Genet, Rumburska 89, Libechov 27721 - Czech Republic
[3] Univ Canberra, Inst Appl Ecol, Canberra, ACT - Australia
[4] Jena Univ Hosp, Inst Human Genet, Klinikum 1, D-07747 Jena - Germany
[5] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Coordenaecao Biodiversidade, Av Andre Araujo 2936, Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Chromosome Research; v. 29, n. 3-4 OCT 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Teleost fishes exhibit a breath-taking diversity of sex determination and differentiation mechanisms. They encompass at least nine sex chromosome systems with often low degree of differentiation, high rate of inter- and intra-specific variability, and frequent turnovers. Nevertheless, several mainly female heterogametic systems at an advanced stage of genetic differentiation and high evolutionary stability have been also found across teleosts, especially among Neotropical characiforms. In this study, we aim to characterize the ZZ/ZW sex chromosome system in representatives of the Triportheidae family (Triportheus auritus, Agoniates halecinus, and the basal-most species Lignobrycon myersi) and its sister clade Gasteropelecidae (Carnegiella strigata, Gasteropelecus levis, and Thoracocharax stellatus). We applied both conventional and molecular cytogenetic approaches including chromosomal mapping of 5S and 18S ribosomal DNA clusters, cross-species chromosome painting (Zoo-FISH) with sex chromosome-derived probes and comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). We identified the ZW sex chromosome system for the first time in A. halecinus and G. levis and also in C. strigata formerly reported to lack sex chromosomes. We also brought evidence for possible mechanisms underlying the sex chromosome differentiation, including inversions, repetitive DNA accumulation, and exchange of genetic material. Our Zoo-FISH experiments further strongly indicated that the ZW sex chromosomes of Triportheidae and Gasteropelecidae are homeologous, suggesting their origin before the split of these lineages (approx. 40-70 million years ago). Such extent of sex chromosome stability is almost exceptional in teleosts, and hence, these lineages afford a special opportunity to scrutinize unique evolutionary forces and pressures shaping sex chromosome evolution in fishes and vertebrates in general. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/04877-0 - Evolutionary cytogenomics, genetic diversity and Biogrography of Arowana species (Teleostei: Osteoglossiformes)
Grantee:Marcelo de Bello Cioffi
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 20/11669-2 - Evolutionary history of the ZZ/ZW sex chromosome system in vertebrates: comparative analysis between species of fish, reptiles and birds
Grantee:Rafael Kretschmer
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
FAPESP's process: 20/11772-8 - An integrative approach for the analysis of dispersal, adaptive and evolutionary processes between realted species with intercontinental distribution: the Osteoglossidae family (Teleostei, Osteoglossiformes) as an investigative model: part IV
Grantee:Marcelo de Bello Cioffi
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/14677-6 - Chromosomal studies on color variants of Asian arowana Scleropages formosus (Teleostei, Osteoglossiformes)
Grantee:Gustavo Akira Toma
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation