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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Spiritual Needs of Brazilian Children and Adolescents with Chronic Illnesses: A Thematic Analysis

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Alvarenga, Willyane de Andrade [1, 2] ; Machado, Julia Rezende [3] ; Biaggi Leite, Ana Carolina Andrade [4] ; Caldeira, Silvia [5] ; Vieira, Margarida [5] ; da Rocha, Silvana Santiago [1] ; Nascimento, Lucila Castanheira [3]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Fed Piaui, Campus Univ Minist Petronio Portella Bairro Ining, Teresina, PI - Brazil
[2] Ctr Univ Santo Agostinho, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Enfermagem Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Enfermagem Ribeirao Preto, Interunit Doctoral Program Nursing, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Catolica Portuguesa, Ctr Interdisciplinary Res Hlth, Inst Hlth Sci, Lisbon - Portugal
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Purpose: To identify the spiritual needs of children and adolescents with chronic illnesses and how these needs are met by health professionals during hospitalization. Design and methods: A qualitative descriptive study was developed with 35 children and adolescents, between 7 and 18 years old, diagnosed with cancer, cystic fibrosis, and type 1 diabetes. Interviews with photo-elicitation were conducted during the hospitalization at a Brazilian public pediatric hospital. Findings were treated using thematic analysis, and the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research (COREQ) was followed for quality reporting. This research was approved by a research committee. Results: Two themes emerged. The first, entitled `Spiritual needs', encompasses five types of needs: (1) need to integrate meaning and purpose in life; (2) need to sustain hope; (3) need for expression of faith and to follow religious practices; (4) need for comfort at the end of life; and (5) need to connect with family and friends. The second theme was the `Definition of spiritual care'. Conclusions: Children and adolescents with chronic illnesses have spiritual needs while in hospital. Meeting these needs is essential for finding meaning, purpose and hope in the experience of living with chronic illnesses and at the end of life, based on their faith, beliefs and interpersonal relationships. But, these needs have not been fully addressed during hospitalization. Practice implications: These results emphasize the need to implement spiritual care when caring for hospitalized pediatric patients, which includes addressing spiritual needs. (c) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/14369-0 - Spiritual needs of children and adolescents with chronic diseases hospitalized
Grantee:Júlia Rezende Machado
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation