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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Harvestmen in the semiarid: a new genus and three new species of Pachylinae (Opiliones: Gonyleptidae) from Caatinga dry vegetation, with a cladistic analysis

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de Vasconcelos Saraiva, Nicolas Eugenio [1] ; Hara, Marcos Ryotaro [2] ; DaSilva, Marcio Bernardino [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Fed Paraiba, Ctr Ciencias Exatas & Nat, Dept Sistemat & Ecol, Programa Posgrad Ciencias Biol Zool, Joao Pessoa, Paraiba - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Artes Ciencias & Humanidades EACH, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: ARTHROPOD SYSTEMATICS & PHYLOGENY; v. 79, p. 485-507, OCT 8 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Opiliones are highly diverse in the Neotropics. Because of biological constraints, most harvestmen communities are associated with humid forests, exhibiting a high species diversity and endemism in these habitats. Drier formations, such as the Caatinga biome in northeastern Brazil, are less diverse and still considered under-sampled for the order. This study represents an effort to examine the aforementioned diversity by describing a new Gonyleptidae genus, Sertaneja gen. nov., comprising two new species from Ceara state, Sertaneja bicuspidata sp. nov. and Sertaneja crassitibialis sp. nov., and one new species from Rio Grande do Norte state, Sertaneja falcata sp. nov. A morphological cladistic analysis consisting of 20 terminals and 72 characters was performed to evaluate monophyly of the new genus and relate it to other Gonyleptidae. The analysis resulted in a single most parsimonious tree, corrobo-rating Sertaneja gen. nov. monophyly and relatedness to Gyndoides springmanni Soares \& Soares, 1947, which in turn is the sister group to the DRMN clade. Taking into account the morphological traits and phylogenetic placement of Sertaneja gen. nov., we chose to place the new genus in Pachylinae despite its polyphyletic status, given that the Sertaneja gen. nov. clade is closely related to one of the Brazilian Pachylinae lineage. A resolution to the Pachylinae conundrum is needed to further explain the subfamily intricacies. Future research requires a larger scope, but currently, based on the new genus monophyly, support, and relatedness, we formally propose its creation and hope to shed light on the possible evolutionary scenarios for the subfamily. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/07193-2 - Taxonomic revision and cladistic analysis of Pachylospeleinae Silhavý and Metagyndes Sorensen and their respective genera putatively close phylogenetically (Arachnida: Opiliones: Gonyleptidae): tackling the Pachylinae poliphyly in two fronts
Grantee:Marcos Ryotaro Hara
Support type: Regular Research Grants