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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Phonological awareness, rapid automatized naming, and reading of functionally illiterate adults

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Author(s):
Matheus Sant’Ana Michelino ; Matheus SantAna Michelino [1] ; Elizeu Coutinho Macedo [2]
Total Authors: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: CoDAS; v. 33, n. 1 2021-04-16.
Abstract

ABSTRACT Purpose The study’s purpose is to describe the cognitive profile of a sample of functionally illiterate individuals in reading, phonological awareness (PA) and rapid automatized naming (RAN), as well as to correlate the performance of these tasks. Moreover, it sought to understand how the performances in PA and RAN predict results in reading of words and pseudowords. Methods 23 functionally illiterate adults were assessed for intelligence, reading, PA and RAN tasks. Results Participants showed difficulties in PA, performing poorly in tasks involving phoneme analysis and manipulation. In RAN, they found it easier to name alphanumeric items. Regarding reading, they presented difficulties in phonological processing, with errors caused by phonological exchange. Correlation analyses indicated that reading presented higher correlations with RAN than PA. Finally, a regression analysis indicated that performance in RAN can account for more than half of participants’ reading results. Conclusion In general, the profile of functionally illiterate adults presents impairment in the abilities assessed that are more evident in PA at phoneme levels as well as in naming of non-alphanumerical items. Moreover, the results in RAN explain those in word and pseudowords reading better than the results in PA. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/22664-3 - Pattern analysis of eye movements in late literate adults: rapid automatized naming and lexical decision tasks
Grantee:Matheus Sant'Ana Michelino
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation