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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Evaluation of the relationship between biomass of living (stained) benthic foraminifera and particulate organic matter vertical flux in an oligotrophic region, Campos Basin, southeastern Brazilian continental margin

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Author(s):
Vicente, Thaisa Marques [1] ; Yamashita, Cintia [1] ; Souse, Silvia Helena de Mello e [1] ; Ciotti, Aurea Maria [2]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Oceanog, Praca Oceanog, 191 Cidade Univ, BR-05508120 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Biol Marinha, Rodovia Manoel Hypolito Rego, Km 131-5, BR-11612109 Sao Sebasti ao, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF SEA RESEARCH; v. 176, OCT 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

This study investigates the relationship between the vertical flux of particulate organic matter (POM) and the biomass of living benthic foraminifera in a region at the continental slope of the Campos Basin (between 400 and 3000 m). Vertical POM fluxes to the seafloor were modeled as a function of remote sensing chlorophyll-a concentration, sea surface temperature, and derived products such as primary production rates and estimates of dominant phytoplankton size. Measurements of biovolume predicted the biomass of benthic foraminifera. The mean calculated vertical POM fluxes (24.2 +/- 17.3 mgCm(-2).day(-1)) were consistent with observations from other oligotrophic environments and correlated positively with the total organic carbon (TOC) content in the sediments. The total biomass of benthic foraminifera, and the biomasses of 14 individual foraminifera species also showed significant correlations with the estimated vertical POM fluxes. The spatial distribution of these fluxes, sediment carbon, and foraminifera biomass in Campos Basin depicted the expected decrease with local depth but our data suggested that the foraminifera communities were influenced by mesoscale eddies associated with the Brazil Current System. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/00427-5 - Living benthic foraminifera vertical distribution at mud-belts in the southwestern margin of the South Atlantic Ocean: faunal response to redox condition and organic matter input.
Grantee:Cintia Yamashita
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/12510-3 - Evaluation of the ocean productivity in the slope of the campos Basin,southeastern Brazilian continental margin: an approach from benthic foraminifera and stable isotopes
Grantee:Silvia Helena de Mello e Sousa
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/04853-0 - Relationship between biomass of benthic foraminifera in the oceanic region of the Campos Basin and empirical models for vertical fluxes of organic particles
Grantee:Thaisa Marques Vicente
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master