Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Systemic Condition, Periodontal Status, and Quality of Life in Obese Women During Pregnancy and After Delivery

Full text
Author(s):
Foratori-Junior, Gerson Aparecido [1, 2] ; Trenhago Missio, Alana Luiza [1] ; Orenha, Eliel Soares [1] ; de Carvalho Sales-Peres, Silvia Helena [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Bauru Sch Dent, Dept Pediat Dent Orthodont & Publ Health, Al Octavio Pinheiro Brisolla 9-75, Bauru, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Integrated Fac Ourinhos, Ourinhos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: INTERNATIONAL DENTAL JOURNAL; v. 71, n. 5, p. 420-428, OCT 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the systemic condition, periodontal status, and quality of life of obese women during pregnancy and after delivery. Methods: This prospective cohort consisted of 60 women examined in the third trimester of pregnancy (32nd-36th gestational week {[}T1]) and after delivery (T2) and were divided into elevated body mass index (BMI; GO = 30) and normal BMI (GN = 30) according to the World Health Organization. The variables assessed were: (1) gestational weight gain, arterial hypertension (AH), and diabetes mellitus; (2) oral hygiene behaviour (frequency of dental floss using and toothbrushing); (3) probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment loss (CAL), bleeding on probing (BOP), and dental biofilm; and (4) quality of life (Oral Health Impact Project {[}OHIP]-14). Analysis of variance (ANOVA), Friedman, Cochran's Q and chi(2) tests, and logistic regression model were adopted (P <.05). Results: GO showed a higher frequency of AH in T1 (P <.001). Both groups decreased the frequency of dental floss use (P =.013) and toothbrushing (P <.001) and increased the percentage of dental biofilm in T2 (P <.001). GO presented a greater PPD and CAL in T1 and T2 and higher BOP in T1 (P <.001), demonstrating a negative impact in the following dimensions of Oral Health Impact Project-14 during T1 functional limitation (P =.020), physical disability (P =.020), and handicap (P =.021). Conclusion: Obese women presented higher prevalence of AH during pregnancy and higher prevalence of periodontitis in both periods. They showed a poor quality of life in T1 regarding functional limitation, physical disability, and handicap. (C) 2021 Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of FDI World Dental Federation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/20626-5 - Evaluation of the proteins differentially expressed in saliva associated with periodontitis during the 3rd trimester of pregnancy in obese and eutrophic patients
Grantee:Gerson Aparecido Foratori Junior
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/25934-0 - Evaluation of proteins differentially expressed in saliva associated with periodontitis in obese and eutrophic pregnant women before and after labor
Grantee:Silvia Helena de Carvalho Sales Peres
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/25421-4 - Oral condition, nutrition and quality of life: analyse in obese and non-obese patients before and after the labor
Grantee:Gerson Aparecido Foratori Junior
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 18/13990-2 - Impact of obesity on systemic and periodontal conditions of pregnant women assisted during the 3rd gestational trimester and after baby's birth
Grantee:Alana Luiza Trenhago Missio
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation