Castro, Maysa C.
Silva, Natalia F.
Santos, William S.
Caldas, Linda V. E.
Total Authors: 4
 CNEN, Comiss ao Nacl Energia Nucl IPEN, Inst Pesquisas Energet & Nucl, SP, Av Prof Lineu Prestes 2242, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
 Univ Fed Uberlandia, Inst Fis, Av Joao Naves Avila 2121, Uberlandia, MG - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Radiation Physics and Chemistry;
Web of Science Citations:
The doses received by the patients during the computed tomography (CT) exams are the highest when compared to other diagnostic radiology procedures. This fact makes it so important to keep the quality control using the correct instrument. For dosimetry in CT, a pencil type ionization chamber is usually utilized with a sensitive volume length of 10 cm. A comparison of the performance of an extrapolation chamber in two different laboratories, at the Instrument Calibration Laboratory (LCI) from Instituto de Pesquisas Energe ` ticas e Nucleares (IPEN, Brazil) and at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL, UK) was undertaken. Two chamber characteristics were determined (zero depth and extrapolation curve), and the main recommended characterization tests were performed (stabilization time, saturation curve, polarity effect, ion collection efficiency, linearity of response, and variation of response with source-detector distance). This extrapolation chamber was calibrated using the standard system of NPL laboratory, and the energy dependence was determined. The results obtained were within the international recommendations of IEC 61674, except for the energy dependence, as already expected. This study also established a reference system for the LCI of the IPEN, using a homemade extrapolation chamber for X-ray CT beams. Using the extrapolation curves obtained in the characterization tests and the correction factors of ionic recombination, and scattering and fluorescence, the air kerma rates were obtained, as a reference system in standard laboratory computed tomography beams. The last correction factor was obtained using computer simulations by the MCNP5 code (Monte Carlo). Moreover, two pencil type ionization chambers were calibrated using the replacement method in relation to the extrapolation chamber. (AU)