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Curcumin encapsulated in lipid microparticles incorporated in emulsion filled gels: a comparative study with cold-set protein gels and mixed biopolymer gels

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Thais Carvalho Brito Oliveira
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Pirassununga.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Zootecnica e Engenharia de Alimentos (FZE/BT)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Samantha Cristina de Pinho; Osvaldo Hector Campanella; Angelo Luiz Fazani Cavallieri; Izabel Cristina Freitas Moraes
Advisor: Samantha Cristina de Pinho

Curcumin is considered an interesting compound for the food industry, once it presents many bioactive properties and an intense yellow color, however its high hydrophobicity and instability limit its large-scale application. One of the alternatives applied in order to reduce these problems, consists in encapsulating this bioactive in solid lipid particles, which can also be applied for the production of emulsion filled gels. These systems have been frequently studied, once they allow the obtation of products with different structural and sensory properties, through the combined application of different gelling agents and surfactants. In this context, the objectives of this study were: the production, characterization and evaluation of the stability of cold-set emulsion filled gels, produced with comercial soy protein isolate (SPI), at presence and absence of polysaccharides (xanthan gum - XG and locust bean gum - LBG), and also the evaluation of the stability of encapsulated curcumin at the diferente systems. In order to develop this comparative study, three formulations of cold-set unfilled gels were selected: formulation G1 (15% SPI, 10 mM CaCl2, without polysaccharides), formulation G2 (15% SPI, 0,1% XG e 5 mM de CaCl2) and formulation G3 (15% SPI, 0,2% LBG and 15 mM CaCl2), all of them produced at pH 7 and pre-heated at 80 °C for 30 minutes. These systems were also applied for the production of emulsion filled gels thorugh the incorporation of solid lipid microparticles (SLM) of palm stearine, stabilized with tween 80 and span 80. Unfilled and emulsion filled gels were characterized through texture profile analysis, water holding capacity evaluations, scanning electron microscopy, confocal laser scanning microscopy and rheological tests (small and large deformations). The results showed that the presence of the polysaccharides - XG and LBG - altered in different ways the structural organizations of the SPI gels, however, in both cases, the interactions between the biopolymers resulted in the strengthening of the structures. Besides, it was verified that the SLM incorporated at EFG were active, reinforcing the structures of the different systems analyzed. On the other hand, through the evaluation of encapsulated curcumin stability, it was verified that the bioactive encapsulated in SLM dispersions presented high stability throughout the 60 days of storage, on the other hand, in EFG, the stability of curcumin started to decrease after 15 days of storage. These results are probably related to the structural alterations of EFG, verified through texture profile analysis and water holding capacity evaluations, which led to the collapse of the systems after 30-40 days of storage, indicating that, in all cases, formulation improvements are required. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/26106-2 - Curcumin encapsulated in lipid microparticles incorporated in filled gels: a study comparing cold-set protein gels and mixed protein-polysaccharide gels
Grantee:Thais Carvalho Brito Oliveira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master