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Use of sources of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to reduce excretion of Aflatoxin M1 in milk of dairy cows

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Bruna Leonel Gonçalves
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Pirassununga.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Zootecnica e Engenharia de Alimentos (FZE/BT)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Carlos Humberto Corassin; Carlos Augusto Fernandes de Oliveira; Marcos Veiga dos Santos
Advisor: Carlos Humberto Corassin

The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of adding residual biomass of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (SC), obtained from the fermentation of sugarcane and beer against aflatoxin M1 passage into milk. Therefore, preliminary in vitro test of AFB1 removal in phosphate buffer solution by SC different biomass sources (inactive dry yeast sugarcane, IDYS, autolyzed yeast, AY; cell wall, CW and co- brewery partially dehydrated product, CBPDP) at room temperature for contact times of 05, 10, 20 and 30 min was performed. The in vivo assays were performed using 20 multiparous Holstein cows that were selected in mid lactation stage. The experimental design consisted of ten treatments, a negative control, a positive control and two treatments (with and without inclusion of AFB1) for each of four different sources of SC, over a period of 10 days to evaluate the milk yield and composition, body condition score and serum biochemistry. Milk sample analysis for quantification of AFM1 were carried out using an immunoaffinity column for purification associated with HPLC coupled to triple quadrupole mass spectrometer. The limit of quantification for AFM1 was 0.5 µg. kg-1. Feed samples were analyzed for AFB1 quantification by immunoaffinity purification column associated with HPLC. The limit of quantification for AFB1 was 0.5 µ For in vitro study it was observed that the cell viability is not prerequisite for adsorption and the incubation time does not interfere with AFB1 adsorption capacity. For in vivo study, there was no effect of AFB1 nor the different SC biomass sources on body condition score, milk yield and composition. There was no significant difference between the originated AFB1 levels from food samples in different days of the experimental period. Serum biochemical (AST, ALT, TP) evaluated was similar between the control group and intoxicated with AFB1. The AY and CW treatments had higher adsorption capacity in dairy cows previously intoxicated. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/04027-3 - Use of sources of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to reduce excretion of Aflatoxin M1 in milk of dairy cows
Grantee:Bruna Leonel Gonçalves
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master