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Dispersions of liposomes encapsulating beta-carotene: characterization, physico-chemical stability and incorporation in yoghurt

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Taíse Toniazzo
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Pirassununga.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Zootecnica e Engenharia de Alimentos (FZE/BT)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Samantha Cristina de Pinho; Carmen Silvia Fávaro Trindade; Lucimara Gaziola de la Torre
Advisor: Samantha Cristina de Pinho

The use of natural bioactives as ingredients is in constant expansion in the food industry, due to increasing consumer demands for healthier foods. Therefore, there is a constant search for technologies capable of incorporating such substances in food. β-carotene is a hydrophobic substance, whose benefits are mainly related to its antioxidant action. Because of its hydrophobic characteristics, the use of this pigment implies technical challenges to be incorporated into aqueous-based food formulations. For this reason, encapsulation in liposomes may be a good alternative, because of their ability to incorporate such substances in their lipid bilayer. Besides the protection, these encapsulants matrix can provide controlled release of the encapsulated ingredients, as well as increasing its bioavailability. The objective of this study was to produce and characterize dispersions of liposomes encapsulating β-carotene, which were stabilized with the addition of hydrocolloids: xanthan gum or a mixture of xanthan gum and guar gum. The mean hydrodynamic diameter, distribution of particle size and its morphology were studied. The obtained dispersions were multilamellar vesicles (MLV), the liposomes size distributions were heterogeneous and the micrographs revealed the liposomes spherical shape dispersed in aqueous medium, as well as the integrity of their lipid bilayer. The quantification of β-carotene and instrumental colorimetry analyses indicated the liposomes were efficient in the preservation of β-carotene during the storage period. The hydrocolloids added in the dispersions were highly efficient to increase the viscosity of the continuous phase. Therefore, the hydrocolloids were responsible for the prevention of aggregation of the vesicles during the storage period, except for stabilized dispersion with the mixture of xanthan gum and guar gum, with 0.15% gum total. Regarding the dispersions of liposomes added in yoghurt, the formulations were homogeneous, with absence of lumps or any phase separation, and also have been approved by a significant number of the panelists. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/03901-3 - Liposome dispersions encapsulating beta-carotene and stabilized with hydrocolloids: characterization and applications
Grantee:Taíse Toniazzo
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master