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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of protein sources and inclusion levels on nitrogen metabolism and urea kinetics of Nellore feedlot steers fed concentrate-based diets

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de Souza, Vinicius Carneiro [1, 2] ; Messana, Juliana Duarte [1] ; Batista, Erick Darlisson [3] ; Carvalho Alves, Kenia Larissa Gomes [1] ; Titgemeyer, Evan C. [4] ; Pires, Alexandre Vaz [5] ; Ferraz Junior, Marcos Vinicius [6] ; Silva, Lorrayny Galoro [1] ; Negrao, Joao Alberto [7] ; Costa, Vladimir Eliodoro [8] ; Ganga, Maria Julia Generoso [1] ; Detogni Colovate, Paulo Henrique [1] ; Berchielli, Telma Teresinha [9, 1]
Total Authors: 13
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Ciencias Agr & Vet FCAV, Dept Anim Sci, UNESP, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Virginia Tech, Dept Dairy Sci, Blacksburg, VA 24060 - USA
[3] Univ Fed Lavras, Dept Anim Sci, BR-37200000 Lavras, MG - Brazil
[4] Kansas State Univ, Dept Anim Sci & Ind, Manhattan, KS 66506 - USA
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Anim Sci, BR-1341900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Amazonas, Coll Anim Sci, BR-69152450 Parintins, Amazonas - Brazil
[7] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Basic Sci, Fac Anim Sci & Food Engn, BR-13635900 Pirassununga, SP - Brazil
[8] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biosci, Dept Phys & Biophys, UNESP, BR-18618689 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[9] Univ Fed Vicosa, INCT CA, Dept Anim Sci, Vicosa, MG - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 9
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE; v. 99, n. 8 AUG 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Urea recycling occurs in all mammalian species and represents an important source of ruminal nitrogen (N) for ruminants fed protein-restricted diets. However, its importance for cattle fed adequate amounts of protein and energy remains unclear. Six Nellore feedlot steers fed concentrate-based diets were used in a 6 x 6 Latin square design with a 3 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments to evaluate ruminal fermentation, urea kinetics, and N excretion. Treatments consisted of 3 protein sources (PS: soybean meal plus urea {[}SU], corn gluten meal {[}CGM], and dry distillers grains {[}DDG]) and 2 inclusion levels (PL; 11% and 14%). Steers were adapted to the diets for 14 d followed by 8 d of sample collection. Feed intake, fecal output, and urine production were measured from day 18 to day 22 of each period. Blood samples were collected every 6 h on day 18. {[}N-15-N-15]-urea was infused into the jugular vein for 82 h over day 19 to day 22, and measurement of N-15 in background (day 18) and enriched feces and urine (day 21) were used to evaluate urea kinetics. To evaluate the incorporation of recycled urea N into microbial protein (MICP), ruminal and duodenal fluid were collected on day 22. Steers fed SU diets had lower (P < 0.05) nitrogen use efficiency (NUE), greater (P < 0.05) urea-N entry rate (UER), and tended (P < 0.10) to have greater gastrointestinal entry rate of urea-N (GER) compared with those fed CGM or DDG. In addition, steers fed SU had greater (P < 0.05) urea-N returned to ornithine cycle (ROC) compared with those fed CGM or DDG. Increasing PL tended (P < 0.10) to increase UER. The proportion of total microbial N from recycled urea-N was greater (P < 0.05) for steers fed CGM compared with those fed SU and also greater for steers fed diets with 11% CP than for those fed with 14% CP. Diets with 11% CP can be used for Nellore feedlot cattle fed concentrate-based diets without negatively affecting intake, digestibility, and ruminal fermentation. Moreover, diets containing rumen undegradable protein (RUP) feed sources (CGM or DDG) compared with diets with SU markedly increased NUE, while maintaining microbial protein (MICP) synthesis. Results from this study suggest that the equation adopted by NASEM (NASEM. 2016. Nutrient requirements of beef cattle. 8th revised ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press) was not accurate in estimating the urea-N used for anabolism (UUA) in Nellore feedlot cattle fed concentrate-based diets. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/22022-4 - Impact of metabolizable protein in the production of beef cattle and emission of greenhouse gases
Grantee:Telma Teresinha Berchielli
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/16796-7 - Effect of different levels and sources of nitrogen on protein metabolism and urea kinetics in Nellore cattle in feedlot
Grantee:Vinícius Carneiro de Souza
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 19/12740-5 - Metabolizable protein effects on the acute-phase inflammatory response following environmental and dietary changes of finishing beef cattle
Grantee:Lorrayny Galoro da Silva
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 19/09201-5 - Evaluating individual animal responses to shifts in feed composition for developing individualized feeding recommendations
Grantee:Vinícius Carneiro de Souza
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate