Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Short-term use of an exposed polypropylene barrier in the preservation of alveolar bone after extraction: randomized clinical trial

Full text
dos Santos, V, C. C. ; Tonini, K. R. [1] ; Silva, M. A. A. [1] ; de Carvalho, P. S. P. [2] ; Ponzoni, D. [3]
Total Authors: 5
[1] dos Santos, C. C., V, Univ Estadual Paulista, Aracatuba Sch Dent, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Bauru Sch Dent, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Diag & Surg, Aracatuba Sch Dent, Rua Jose Bonifacio 1193, BR-16015050 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery; v. 50, n. 9, p. 1259-1266, SEP 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

This study was performed to evaluate the short-term preservation of alveolar bone volume with or without a polypropylene barrier and exposure of the area after extractions. Thirty posterior tooth extraction sockets were distributed randomly to a control group (n = 15; extraction and suture) and a barrier group (n = 15; extraction, barrier, and suture). All sutures and barriers were removed 10 days postoperatively. Cone beam computed tomography scans taken with the aid of a tomographic guide were obtained preoperatively, immediately postoperative, and at 120 days postoperative. A visual analysis of the coronal sections of the alveolus was performed, and vertical loss in the mesial, distal, buccal, and lingual bone ridges and horizontal thickness were evaluated. The mean vertical loss after extraction did not differ significantly between the control and barrier groups (Student t-test: mesial P = 0.989, buccal P = 0.997, lingual/palatal P = 0.070, distal P = 0.107). The mean vertical loss at 120 days postoperative did not differ significantly between the control (0.65 mm) and barrier (0.52 mm) groups (P > 0.05), with an effect size of 0.13 mm. At 120 days, the barrier group presented a mean resorption in thickness (0.45 mm) that was significantly lower than that in the control group (0.76 mm) (P = 0.021), with an effect size of 0.31 mm. The polypropylene barrier reduced the horizontal resorption in sockets of posterior teeth after extraction. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/21174-0 - Evaluation of the use of polypropylene membrane in the preservation of alveolar volume after exodontias: prospective randomized clinical study
Grantee:Maria Angelica Alves Silva
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation