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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The clinical spectrum and immunopathological mechanisms underlying ZIKV-induced neurological manifestations

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Filgueiras, Igor Salerno [1] ; Torrentes de Carvalho, Amanda [2] ; Cunha, Daniela Prado [3] ; Mathias da Fonseca, Dennyson Leandro [4] ; El Khawanky, Nadia [5] ; Freire, Paula Paccielli [1] ; Cabral-Miranda, Gustavo ; Schimke, Lena F. ; Camara, Niels Olsen Saraiva [1] ; Ochs, Hans D. [6, 7] ; Peron, Jean Pierre Schatzmann [1] ; Cabral-Marques, Otavio [4, 1, 8] ; de Vasconcelos, Zilton Farias Meira [3]
Total Authors: 13
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Immunol, Inst Biomed Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ Fluminense, Dept Immunobiol, Inst Biol, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[3] Fiocruz MS, Inst Fernandes Figueira, Dept Clin Res, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Clin Anal & Toxicol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Freiburg, Dept Hematol & Oncol, Fac Med, Freiburg - Germany
[6] Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Pediat, Seattle, WA 98195 - USA
[7] Seattle Childrens Res Inst, Seattle, WA - USA
[8] Univ Sci Educ & Res Network USERN, Network Immun Infect Malignancy & Autoimmun NIIMA, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 8
Document type: Review article
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases; v. 15, n. 8 AUG 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Since the 2015 to 2016 outbreak in America, Zika virus (ZIKV) infected almost 900,000 patients. This international public health emergency was mainly associated with a significant increase in the number of newborns with congenital microcephaly and abnormal neurologic development, known as congenital Zika syndrome (CZS). Furthermore, Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS), a neuroimmune disorder of adults, has also been associated with ZIKV infection. Currently, the number of ZIKV-infected patients has decreased, and most of the cases recently reported present as a mild and self-limiting febrile illness. However, based on its natural history of a typical example of reemerging pathogen and the lack of specific therapeutic options against ZIKV infection, new outbreaks can occur worldwide, demanding the attention of researchers and government authorities. Here, we discuss the clinical spectrum and immunopathological mechanisms underlying ZIKV-induced neurological manifestations. Several studies have confirmed the tropism of ZIKV for neural progenitor stem cells by demonstrating the presence of ZIKV in the central nervous system (CNS) during fetal development, eliciting a deleterious inflammatory response that compromises neurogenesis and brain formation. Of note, while the neuropathology of CZS can be due to a direct viral neuropathic effect, adults may develop neuroimmune manifestations such as GBS due to poorly understood mechanisms. Antiganglioside autoantibodies have been detected in multiple patients with ZIKV infection-associated GBS, suggesting a molecular mimicry. However, further additional immunopathological mechanisms remain to be uncovered, paving the way for new therapeutic strategies. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/18886-9 - Systemic and integrative analysis of the immune response to Zika and Dengue viral infections
Grantee:Otávio Cabral Marques
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 20/09146-1 - Systemic and integrative analysis of molecular mechanisms associated with immunoregulation in patients with COVID-19
Grantee:Paula Paccielli Freire
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/05264-7 - Cell metabolism, microbiota and immune system: new paradigms in renal diseases physiopathology
Grantee:Niels Olsen Saraiva Câmara
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 20/01688-0 - Systemic and integrative analysis of the immune response to Zika and Dengue viral infections
Grantee:Otávio Cabral Marques
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Young Researchers