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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Coercion in Disguise? A Reassessment of Brazilian Education and Health Reforms

Full text
Author(s):
Schlegel, Rogerio [1] ; Vazquez, Daniel Arias [1]
Total Authors: 2
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Social Sci, Estr Caminho Velho 333, BR-07252312 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF POLITICS IN LATIN AMERICA; v. 13, n. 2, p. 243-268, AUG 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

In federations and other regionalised arrangements, the search for co-operation may lead to a hierarchical alignment where the centre concentrates policy decision-making power. The use of conditional grants to build this kind of co-ordination can disguise its rather coercive character when opt-out clauses are counteracted by fiscal constraints that virtually force subnational adherence. Previous accounts on recentralisation in Latin America have overlooked this feature, particularly by mistakenly identifying the transfer of fiscal resources and responsibilities with authority over policies. The article adopts a configurational approach, focused on mechanisms, to reassess two Brazilian programmes redesigned in the 1990s and 2000s - the Fundamental Education Fund (Fundef) and the Basic Health Care Programme (Programa de Atencao Basica, PAB). Our evidence shows that both reforms followed hierarchical paths and received massive adherence of municipalities. We discuss how this kind of coercion in disguise is especially concerning in settings where some retrenchment of social expenditure is expected. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/12677-6 - Local Governments and Regional Inequalities in Education and Health Policies in Spain: a comparative analysis with Brazil
Grantee:Daniel Arias Vazquez
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research
FAPESP's process: 18/10358-3 - How do elites shape electoral reforms:The case of 20th-Century Brazil
Grantee:Rogerio Schlegel
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research