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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Chimarra tilde o, terere and mate-tea in legitimate technology modes of preparation and consume: A comparative study of chemical composition, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety properties of the mostly consumed beverages of Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil.

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Mesquita, M. [1] ; Santos, E. [2] ; Kassuya, C. A. [2] ; Salvador, M. J. [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Plant Biol, PPG BCE, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ Grande Dourados, Coll Hlth Sci, Dourados, MS - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology; v. 279, OCT 28 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Ethnopharmacological relevance: Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil. (Aquifoliaceae) is a medicinal plant widely used by South American populations for centuries and is popularly attributed to stimulating and detoxifying properties. Nowadays, their consume traditionally occurs through three different beverages: chimarra similar to o, terere and mate-tea. Aim of the study: Although its composition and properties are well studied, literature lacks work comparing the potential of their extracts obtained by a legitimate preparation mode of their popular beverages. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to investigate changes in chemical composition, antioxidant activity, antiinflammatory efficacy and anxiolytic effect from lyophilized aqueous extracts obtained simulating the legitimate popular preparation mode of chimarra similar to o, terere and mate-tea. Materials and methods: In this work, were investigated differences related to preparation technology and dry material used through chemical composition analysis, with the lyophilized aqueous extracts obtained simulating the chimarra similar to o, terere and mate-tea preparation. The chemical composition analysis comprises the total soluble phenolics content, chemical profiles by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS, and quantitative component detection by HPLC-UV/ DAD. Moreover, evaluations of comparative antioxidant activity of the extracts (DPPH and ORACFL assays), antiinflammatory efficacy and anxiolytic effect were performed in vivo. Results: Our results showed that chimarra similar to o extracts presented a richer composition in terms of phenolic compounds and purine alkaloids, and better antioxidant activity when compared to the other extracts. In pleurisy test, all products showed anti-inflammatory properties in the dose of 60 mg/kg. In the anxiolytic evaluation, although all extracts presented some effect, chimarra similar to o and terere were better than mate-tea in general. No sign of toxicity was observed. Conclusions: Our findings support that the beverage made as chimarra similar to o has the best composition and the most promising properties overall. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/03598-5 - Preventive effect of Ilex paraguariensis preparations (chimarrão, terere and mate tea) against damages caused by chronic ethanol consumption: comparative analysis of preparation technology, chemical profile and evaluation of therapeutic effect and safety
Grantee:Mariana Mesquita Fonseca
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 06/06079-4 - Search of antioxidants and antimicrobials in Gomphreneae tribe species
Grantee:Marcos José Salvador
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/09101-1 - Investigation of treatment with 24-epibrassinolide in plant development, profile of volatile constituents and biological activities of essential oils from Cymbopogon citratus, Cymbopogon flexuosus and Mentha pulegium
Grantee:Marcos José Salvador
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/03726-8 - Integrated chemical and biological study in the search for bioactive substances in plants* and development of analytical procedures. *(Amaranthaceae, Gesneriaceae, Myrtaceae e Annonaceae)
Grantee:Marcos José Salvador
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants