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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Pigments from Antarctic bacteria and their biotechnological applications

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Rodrigues e Silva, Tiago [1] ; Francelino Silva Junior, Luiz Carlos [2] ; de Queiroz, Aline Cavalcanti [2] ; Alexandre Moreira, Magna Suzana [3] ; de Carvalho Fraga, Carlos Alberto [2] ; Alves de Menezes, Graciele Cunha [4] ; Rosa, Luiz Henrique [4] ; Bicas, Juliano [5] ; de Oliveira, Valeria Maia [1] ; Fernandes Duarte, Alysson Wagner [2]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Ctr Pluridisciplinar Pesquisas Quim Biol & Agr, UNICAMP, Campinas - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Alagoas, Complexo Ciencias Med & Enfermagem, Campus Arapiraca, Manoel Severino Barbosa S-N, BR-57309005 Arapiraca - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Alagoas, Inst Ciencias Biol & Saude, Maceio, Alagoas - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Inst Ciencias Biol, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Ciencia Alimentos, UNICAMP, Campinas - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Review article
Source: CRITICAL REVIEWS IN BIOTECHNOLOGY; v. 41, n. 6, p. 809-826, AUG 18 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 3

Pigments from microorganisms have triggered great interest in the market, mostly by their ``natural{''} appeal, their favorable production conditions, in addition to the potential new chemical structures or naturally overproducing strains. They have been used in: food, feed, dairy, textile, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries. The high rate of pigment production in microorganisms recovered from Antarctica in response to selective pressures such as: high UV radiation, low temperatures, and freezing and thawing cycles makes this a unique biome which means that much of its biological heritage cannot be found elsewhere on the planet. This vast arsenal of pigmented molecules has different functions in bacteria and may exhibit different biotechnological activities, such as: extracellular sunscreens, photoprotective function, antimicrobial activity, biodegradability, etc. However, many challenges for the commercial use of these compounds have yet to be overcome, such as: the low stability of natural pigments in cosmetic formulations, the change in color when subjected to pH variations, the low yield and the high costs in their production. This review surveys the different types of natural pigments found in Antarctic bacteria, classifying them according to their chemical structure. Finally, we give an overview of the main pigments that are used commercially today. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/05640-6 - Multi-omics applied to the understanding and exploitation of Antarctic microbiomes
Grantee:Valeria Maia Merzel
Support type: Regular Research Grants