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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Phylogenomic analyses reveal non-monophyly of the antbird genera Herpsilochmus and Sakesphorus (Thamnophilidae), with description of a new genus for Herpsilochmus sellowi

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Bravo, Gustavo A. [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] ; Whitney, Bret M. [3, 4] ; Belmonte-Lopes, Ricardo [6, 7] ; Bornschein, Marcos R. [8, 9] ; Aristizabal, Natalia [3, 4, 10, 11] ; Beco, Renata [5] ; Battilana, Jaqueline [5] ; Naka, Luciano N. [12] ; Aleixo, Alexandre [13, 14] ; Pie, Marcio R. [6, 8] ; Silveira, Luis F. [5] ; Derryberry, Elizabeth P. [15] ; Brumfield, Robb T. [3, 4]
Total Authors: 13
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[1] Harvard Univ, Museum Comparat Zool, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
[2] Harvard Univ, Dept Organism & Evolutionary Biol, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
[3] Louisiana State Univ, Museum Nat Sci, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 - USA
[4] Louisiana State Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 - USA
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Museu Zool, Secao Aves, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Parana, Ctr Politecn, Dept Zool, Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[7] Univ Fed Parana, Ctr Politecn, Dept Zool, Programa Posgrad Zool, Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[8] Inst Estudos Ambientais, Mater Nat, Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[9] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ciencias Biol & Ambientais, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[10] Univ Vermont, Gund Inst Environm, Burlington, VT - USA
[11] Univ Vermont, Rubenstein Sch Environm & Nat Resources, Burlington, VT - USA
[12] Univ Fed Pernambuco, Dept Zool, Recife, PE - Brazil
[13] Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Coordenacao Zool, Belem, Para - Brazil
[14] Univ Helsinki, Finnish Museum Nat Hist, Helsinki - Finland
[15] Univ Tennessee, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Knoxville, TN - USA
Total Affiliations: 15
Document type: Journal article
Source: AUK; v. 138, n. 3 JUL 1 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The family Thamnophilidae is a species-rich Neotropical radiation of passerine birds. Current classification of its 235 species is mostly based on morphological similarities, but recent studies integrating comprehensive phenotypic and phylogenetic data have redefined taxonomic limits of several taxa. Here, we assess generic relationships of Herpsilochmus, Sakesphorus, Thamnophilus, Biatas, and Dysithamnus using DNA sequences from the mitochondrion, nuclear exons, and ultraconserved elements, with further attention to interspecific relationships within Herpsilochmus. We show that Herpsilochmus and Sakesphorus are not monophyletic. We resolve Herpsilochmus sellowi as a deep-branch sister to the monotypic genus Biatas and Sakesphorus cristatus as sister to a clade comprising Herpsilochmus sensu stricto and Dysithamnus. These results are consistent across loci, obtained via concatenation and coalescent-based analyses, and supported by likelihood-ratio tests of the distribution of our sampled coalescent histories. The phenotypic distinctiveness of both H. sellowi and Biatas argues against merging them into a single genus. Because no generic name is available for H. sellowi, we describe a monotypic genus. The polyphyly of Sakesphorus warrants recognition of the available generic name Sakesphoroides for the distinctive and monotypic S. cristatus. Furthermore, we recover 6 well-supported species groups within Herpsilochmus sensu stricto. Within the context of the family as a whole, the ubiquity of long terminal branches representing monotypic genera points to extinction events among ancestors of these lineages. We suggest that retention of ancestral characters or random genetic drift coupled with extensive extinction could explain the high degree of morphological and ecological similarity across these taxa, but we highlight the potential role of the environment in driving adaptive phenotypic convergence. Finally, our results send a cautionary message against the blind use of phylogenies containing imputed data based on taxonomy due to the increasingly frequent mismatches between traditional taxonomic classification and molecular phylogenies. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/23852-0 - Systematics, biogeography, and phenotypic evolution of the Thamnophilini (Aves, Thamnophilidae): a massive parallel DNA sequencing approach
Grantee:Gustavo Adolfo Bravo Mora
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate