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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Degradation of benzimidazoles by photoperoxidation: metabolites detection and ecotoxicity assessment using Raphidocelis subcapitata microalgae and Vibrio fischeri

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Author(s):
Venancio, Wilson Augusto Lima [1] ; Rodrigues-Silva, Caio [2] ; Spina, Mylena [1] ; Diniz, Vinicius [1] ; Guimaraes, Jose Roberto [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Civil Engn Architecture & Urban Design, POB 6021, BR-13083889 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Chem, Dept Analyt Chem, SP POB 6154, BR-13084971 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research; v. 28, n. 19, SI, p. 23742-23752, MAY 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Benzimidazoles (BZ) are among the most used drugs to treat parasitic diseases in both human and veterinary medicine. In this study, solutions fortified with albendazole (ABZ), fenbendazole (FBZ), and thiabendazole (TBZ) were subjected to photoperoxidation (UV/H2O2). The hydroxyl radicals generated by the process removed up to 99% of ABZ, and FBZ, in the highest dosage of H2O2 (i.e., 1.125 mmol L-1; 4.8 kJ L-1). In contrast, 20% of initial TBZ concentration remained in the residual solution. In the first 5 min of reaction (i.e., up to 0.750 mmol L-1 of H2O2), formation of the primary metabolites of ABZ-ricobendazole (RBZ), albendazole sulfone (ABZ-SO2), and oxfendazole (OFZ)-was observed. However, these reaction products were converted after the reaction time was doubled. The residual ecotoxicity was investigated using the Raphidocelis subcapitata microalgae and the marine bacteria Vibrio fischeri. The results for both microorganisms evidence that the residual solutions are less harmful to these microorganisms. However, after 30 min of reaction, the treated solution still presents a toxic effect for V. fischeri, meaning that longer reaction times are required to achieve an innocuous effluent. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/09543-7 - Residues of veterinary drugs in the environment
Grantee:Susanne Rath
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/50951-4 - INCT 2014: Advanced Analytical Technologies
Grantee:Celio Pasquini
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/03571-2 - Pharmaceuticals in the Aquatic Environment.
Grantee:Susanne Rath
Support type: Regular Research Grants