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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Genetic manipulation of pathogenic Leptospira: CRISPR interference (CRISPRi)-mediated gene silencing and rapid mutant recovery at 37 degrees C

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Fernandes, L. G. V. [1, 2] ; Hornsby, R. L. [2] ; Nascimento, A. L. T. O. [1] ; Nally, J. E. [2]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Inst Butantan, Lab Desenvolvimento Vacinas, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] ARS, Infect Bacterial Dis Res Unit, Natl Anim Dis Ctr, USDA, Ames, IA 50011 - USA
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 11, n. 1 JAN 19 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Leptospirosis is a neglected, widespread zoonosis caused by pathogenic species of the genus Leptospira, and is responsible for 60,000 deaths per year. Pathogenic mechanisms of leptospirosis remain poorly understood mainly because targeted mutations or gene silencing in pathogenic Leptospira continues to be inherently inefficient, laborious, costly and difficult to implement. In addition, pathogenic leptospires are highly fastidious and the selection of mutants on solid agar media can take up to 6 weeks. The catalytically inactive Cas9 (dCas9) is an RNA-guided DNA-binding protein from the Streptococcus pyogenes CRISPR/Cas system and can be used for gene silencing, in a strategy termed CRISPR interference (CRISPRi). Here, this technique was employed to silence genes encoding major outer membrane proteins of pathogenic L. interrogans. Conjugation protocols were optimized using the newly described HAN media modified for rapid mutant recovery at 37 degrees C in 3% CO2 within 8 days. Complete silencing of LipL32 and concomitant and complete silencing of both LigA and LigB outer membrane proteins were achieved, revealing for the first time that Lig proteins are involved in pathogenic Leptospira serum resistance. Gene silencing in pathogenic leptospires and rapid mutant recovery will facilitate novel studies to further evaluate and understand pathogenic mechanisms of leptospirosis. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/50981-0 - Search for surface proteins among the genome sequences of Leptospira interrogans: functional and immunological characterization to understanding mechanisms involved in the bacterial pathogenesis
Grantee:Ana Lucia Tabet Oller do Nascimento
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/06731-8 - Application of CRISPR-interference for elucidating leptospirosis pathogenesis and development of novel strategies for knockout mutant's obtainment
Grantee:Luis Guilherme Virgílio Fernandes
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
FAPESP's process: 19/20302-8 - CRISPR interference (CRISPRi)-mediated silencing of non-coding RNA (ncRNA) in saprophyte and pathogenic strains of Leptospira
Grantee:Luis Guilherme Virgílio Fernandes
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor