Duarte, Nilo J. C.
Kupa, Leonard V. K.
Ferreira-Filho, Julio C. R.
Chalom, Marc Y.
Ebner, Persio A. R.
Silva, Clovis A. A.
Carvalho, Valdemir M.
Total Authors: 10
 Univ Sao Paulo, Hosp Clin HCFMUSP, Fac Med, Cent Lab Div, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Hosp Clin HCFMUSP, Fac Med, Lab Invest Med LIM 03, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Rheumatol Div Hosp Clin HCFMUSP, Fac Med, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
 Grp Fleury, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
JOURNAL OF APPLIED LABORATORY MEDICINE;
Web of Science Citations:
Background: Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) blood levels are used to monitor efficacy, safety, and patient adherence during treatment. Oral fluid has emerged as an alternative noninvasive, easily accessible, and low-complexity matrix for drug monitoring. However, there is no analytical method to measure HCQ in oral fluid. Therefore, we developed and validated an ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass (UHPLC-MS/MS) method for the measurement of HCQ and its main metabolites in oral fluid and compared to whole blood. Methods: Ten microliters of matrices were used for sample preparation by protein precipitation with acetonitrile followed by online solid phase extraction. The validation process included assessment of lower limit of quantification, linearity, precision, recovery, matrix effect, interferences assessment, carryover, and sample dilution validation. Results: The lower limit of quantification was 50 ng/mL for HCQ and metabolites in both oral fluid and whole blood. The calibration curve was linear from 50 to 2000 ng/mL (r(2) = 0.999). The coefficient of variation for precision assay was 1.2% to 9.7% for intraday and 1.1% to 14.2% for interday for both HCQ and metabolites in oral fluid and whole blood samples at 150, 750, and 1250 ng/mL. The recovery was 85.3% to 118.5% for 150, 750, and 1250 ng/mL of HCQ and metabolites in both oral fluid and whole blood. Dilution factor up to 5-fold was validated for concentrations higher than the upper limit of quantification. Conclusions: The validated method is specific, precise, and accurate to determine the analytical range for therapeutic monitoring of HCQ and its main metabolites in oral fluid and blood. (AU)